Health of Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders
Today the United States is a melting pot of ethnicity. The United States was founded and built by immigrants. Even though minorities help build the U.S., they suffer health issues disproportionately compared to white non-Hispanics. The World Health Organizetion defines health promotion as the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve their health.
The Hawaiian and Pacific islanders’ racial category refers to a person having original origins to Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands. The Hawaiian and pacific islanders make up about 1.2million of the United States population. This comes out to be only 0.5 % of the US ...view middle of the document...
This also included many preventable health disease such as Hep B, HIV, stroke, heart disease, and TB. 19% of Hawaiian and pacific islanders live at the poverty line. This ethnic group also will only achieve lower level education. By the time they reach college, many students have already faced years of inequitable access and resources. While there have been some minimal gains in “educational aspirations” over the years for minority communities, there still remains a significant gap between PIs (Wong. Et al., 2010)
Low income can cause high stress and poor health decision making. Fear of covering the basic needs over health concerns. Poor education can increase risky or unhealthy behavior. Sociocultural differences with the Hawaiian/ Pacific Islander group can cause increase in risky behavior such as unprotected sex. Most want to avoid conflict and please may keep those from asking a partner to use a condom.
To alleviate health gaps, Healthy People 2020 is a nationwide health promotion and prevention movement. Healthy people 2020 is an example of the primary level of health promotion. There are three levels of health promotion. Primary, secondary, and tertiary.
Primary prevention is changing the behavior of thought patterns, education on preventive and advocating for policy changes. Targeting large communities in California and Hawaii with peer influenced education about safe sex, smoking, immunizations, and wellness checkup could reduce the major causes of illness among Hawaiian and pacific islanders. The peer influence would decrease the resistant’s of western medicine and political barriers. Secondary prevention is the identifying illness early and preventing further complications. Early screenings for abnormal...