Health Promotion in Nursing Practice
Grand Canyon University
Health promotion is defined as the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve their health (World Health Organization, 2014). For each individual it is fundamental to understand the aspects of a complete physical, mental, and social wellbeing. Recognizing what contributes to change and the coping mechanism within the environment is an important aspect. A healthy life style prevents disease and illness from occurring, which is considered primary health promotion; health and social wellbeing are influenced by factors such as socioeconomic conditions, patterns of consumption associated with ...view middle of the document...
Two of the key nursing interventions used to promote health in patients with hypertension was health education and empowerment. Their focus was to facilitate changes that were necessary for health improvement, but yet to allow these individuals to maintain control over their health condition. The nurses discussed health education issues such as blood pressure checks, complication prevention, adhering to pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments, exercise, healthy diet, smoking cessation, how much drinking is acceptable, along with stress relief measures (Gomes G., Pessoa M., Frota C., Leite de A., de Oliveira L., Barbosa X., & Cunha V., 2012). When someone has reached the tertiary level of health promotion, as described by Jones-Parker with HIV patients who also have cardiovascular disease (CVD), the focus of health promotion shifts on “addressing the comorbidities, modify risks where possible, and minimize progression to more serious disease”(2012). Jones-Parker further notes, “Patient education and counseling should include the establishment of clear goals”.
The nursing role and responsibilities involve working closely with communities and diverse population settings, concentrating primarily on prevention and continuous health promotion while attending to the individual’s health and social problems. According to Baisch the concept of health promotion was established to stress the community-based health promotion practice, and the communities involvement, while taking the social and health policy aspect in consideration (2009). Nurses play an important role in assessing their patients and their communities; they plan, develop, coordinate, and implement educational programs. Furthermore, nurses manage and evaluate the effectiveness of the educational programs and help their patients to chose a health modification path which best suits the patient’s situation/condition. Advocating for individuals when they are most vulnerable to making wrong decisions regarding health issues is another of the nurse’s tasks, which contributes to the overall improvement of the health system. Nurses responsibilities in the current health system is not limited to providing the basic nursing care and to prevent disease from spreading in the population, rather the nurse’s are concentrating on educating their population regarding health, illness, and appropriate life style choices.
In conclusion, the three levels of health promotion prevention differ by the stage of health or disease with which the individual is confronted with. While in primary health promotion the goal is to maintain a well health status by...