Health Promotion among the HISPANICS
Grand Canyon University
Health Promotion among the HISPANICS.
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) acknowledges five race categories in the United States as follows : Whites; Black or African American; American Indian or Alaskan Native; Asian; and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander.
The OMB defines Hispanic or Latino as “a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race.”(/minorityhealth/populations/REMP/Hispanic.html.). They are the largest of all the racial/ethnic minority groups in the United States of America. There are lots of disparities in the health ...view middle of the document...
Some of the subgroups need more preventive screening than others because of the different degrees of health risks that they have. They need early preventive screenings for things like diabetes, colorectal cancer, high blood pressure, heart diseases, high cholesterol, cancer, and sexually transmitted diseases. It has been established that Hispanics born outside of the States before coming here are more prone to cancers related to infections like cervical, liver, and stomach. About one out of three Hispanics do not speak English well, live below poverty line, and have not completed high school. In general, about 10.3% of Hispanics of all ages, live in a fair or poor health status. Other important health disparities that affect this group are: Asthma, Chaga disease, HIV/AIDS, Obesity, Teen pregnancy, Smoking and Tobacco use, Infant mortality.
Most Hispanics look at health promotion as a way for them to maintain good health, and they define good health as having a positive attitude with a positive mental state. Being happy and active, being in a good mood, being able to take care of yourself independently are all signs of healthy people. Mexican Americans belief that health is a gift from God, most Hispanics belief in prayers, and that their health is determined by God.
Health disparities or inequalities are differences in health outcomes between different groups of the population. Differences in mortality and disease risks are related to the conditions under which members of minority groups are born, grow, live, and work, their access to healthcare and their behaviors towards health promotion and disease prevention. In the Hispanic minority group, certain outstanding health disparities have been noted:
Obesity among female Mexican Americans is more rampant than among female whites and non- Hispanic adults across all groups.
Diabetes is very common among Hispanics and non- Hispanic African Americans adults than among whites or non- Hispanic and Asian adults.
Hispanic adults of other minority groups.
HIV infection rate is very high within the Hispanics than the white adults
Teenage birth rates is very high among Hispanic females than among whites or non- Hispanic females.
A large percentage of Hispanics don’t have health insurance coverage, and as such they cannot even participate in primary prevention of health promotion initiatives such as colorectal cancer screening; high blood pressure screening, or diabetes screening.
A significant percentage of Hispanics are high school drop outs and they have incomes...