Grand Canyon University: Family-Centered Health Promotion
November 10, 2013
Health promotion as stated by Chambers & Thompson (2008, pg. 131), “Within the health promotion movement, empowerment has come to focus on promoting equality in health and public participation in decisions affecting health. Empowerment has come to mean a process by which: individual people are encouraged to assert their own autonomy and self-esteem sufficiently to be able to identify their own health agendas, rather than being told what to do”. Adults with the disease or the risk factors can prevent and manage both the disease processes. Health promotion within the ...view middle of the document...
Nursing interventions for hypertensive patients are integral in the patients achieving their goals. Nurses are crucial in detection, monitoring, treatment, and prevention of diseases. We cannot forget though to promote health promotion. Health education and the ability to make good choices for themselves are the interventions that lead to health promotion in individuals and communities. There are many ways that we can reach out to the community by health fairs, support groups and community education. If we take the time to utilize these tools, we can make a difference. Our nursing goals should be geared toward independence and self-motivation.
Primary prevention involves the patients understanding the risks of an unhealthy lifestyle and making changes pre-disease processes through health promotion and health education. Its goal is to decrease the risks of a disease before it happens. “Health education on the risk of smoking for a group of non-smoking preteens is an example of primary prevention” (Edelman and Mandel, 2010). Immunizations are a part of the primary prevention. It can also include promoting the health of the community. Legislations that protect the health of the public are a very important and an integral piece of the primary prevention.
“Secondary prevention depends on the early detection of disease process and application of interventions to prevent progression of disease” (Mohamad 2012). It focuses on changing a lifestyle from unhealthy actions and adopting healthier choices. It also encourages screening and diagnostic testing for illnesses. An example of secondary prevention could involve testing and screening for CAD. Stress tests and 2D-Echo ultrasounds are examples of secondary testing.
Tertiary prevention focuses at reducing the effects of the disease process by return of functions or at least the functions not getting any worse. In tertiary prevention, the disease is already identified and treatment is in process. An example of tertiary prevention must involve cardiac rehabilitation and maintaining appropriate medications such as Plavix and Crestor to reduce chances of forming clots in patients with CAD. Diet and exercise is also essential in tertiary prevention. “To help restore function in debilitating diseases and any medical procedure meant to treat or cure the disease itself” (Morgan, 2013).
“Health promotion strategies have the potential of improving the quality of life from birth...