Health Care Cost, Quality and Aspect of Access and Continuity.
Health Care Systems
Thesis Statement: Healthcare debate rages in political and public opinion, a key arguing point is the comparison and contrast of the healthcare delivery in the United States and Canada
II. Body - United States and Canadian
A. Aspects of Access
III. References Cited page
The goal is to provide healthcare to all Americans, regardless of whether they are able to afford insurance or not. In 2009, the U.S. National Health Care Act failed to come to be ...view middle of the document...
Access to medical care is one of the most important aspects of healthcare delivery. Without proper access, those who need medical care would have to wait an unnecessary amount of time to receive the healthcare they need, and without proper health coverage, a person’s access is extremely limited.
Healthcare in Canada is characterized by its universal access. All residents are entitled to the insured health services provided for by the public health insurance plan on uniform terms and conditions. In addition, health care provided to someone who is temporarily visiting another province is reimbursed under the insurance plan of the patient’s home province. Canadians moving from one province to another continue to be covered for insured (not to exceed three months) imposed by their new province of residence.
In the United States, no such law exists to insure that all Americans are provided the opportunity to receive healthcare. Under the U.S National Health Care Act, all citizens of the United States and U.S territories would have been included in tax funded health care that provided access to all medically necessary care to include primary care and prevention, prescription drugs, emergency care, long-term care, mental health services, dental services, and vision care. This would have been very comparable to the coverage provided in Canada. To guarantee access in the U.S for those citizens without health care coverage in emergent situations, the Emergency Medical Treatment & Labor Act (EMTALA) of 1986 ensures public access to emergency services regardless of ability to pay. Additionally “If a hospital is unable to stabilize a patient within its capability, or if the patient requests, an appropriate transfer should be implemented”. (CMS, 2010). However it does not relieve the person receiving emergency care the responsibility to pay for such care and permits the hospital to pursue the debtor for payment. In stark contrast to that, in Canada, emergency room treatment for legal Canadian residents is not charged to the patient at time of service but is met by the government. In terms of access, although it may seem to be an issue across the board, it is always easier to have access when you have guaranteed health coverage. Another reason behind universal health care coverage is to ensure that all citizens have to opportunity to have quality health care. The perception of many
Americans will is that the quality of health care in the United States is by far more superior to that of any country and is threatened by the possibility of health care reform. Before we look at the quality of both American and Canadian health care, let us look at what constitutes quality health care. According to the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality: “Quality health care means doing the right thing at the right time in the right way for the right person and having the best results possible.” (AHRQ, 1998). Multiple studies have been conducted comparing...