Health Care Essay

865 words - 4 pages

Health care and medicine in the 18th and 19th centuries also known as the Preindustrial era which lasted from the middle of the 18th century until the latter part of the 19th century and the postindustrial era, which began in the late 19th century. Both of these eras brought several aspects and characteristics that have had a major impact on shaping today’s U.S Health Care System. Some of those have been medical training, medical practice, medical institutions, medical professions, and the development of hospitals.
In the late 1800s, the practice of medicine in the United States was more domestic than professional due to just learning the medical procedures. Medical training in the 18th ...view middle of the document...

The almshouses were ran by the local city government, and they were not a health care institution because they mostly gave shelter to the elderly, homeless, orphans, ill, and disabled and basic nursing care was given to them. They also had the asylum which were built by the state governments for patients with treatable, chronic mental illness. Another type of institution was the pest house, which were also operated by the local governments of the cities but in these locations the government would isolate individuals who had a contagious disease. Dispensaries is another type of medical institution that were found in those centuries, this institution was established to provide free care and dispense medicines to ambulatory patients.
From the medical institutions found in the 18th and 19th century we can see how it has impacted on shaping today’s health care system. The almshouses from before are known as the hospitals and the nursing homes today. The asylum today is known as the inpatient psychiatric facilities, and the dispensaries today are seen as the outpatient clinics for low income families, or families in need.
The United States has kept a lot of the characteristics and aspects from the past centuries. We also see it in the medical profession and the development of hospitals. Most of the transformation in the U.S medicine occurred after the years of the American Civil War (1861-1865). Medicine started to become more interested in the science and the technology behind it so to be able to deliver medical care to the citizens more medical schools and institutions...

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