Health Care Essay

3020 words - 13 pages

It is devastating to think about not having the right supply of air to help me to breath. How many times we have been told to take care of our body and lungs, and fell to do so. I have learn, not maintaining  a healthy way of living dealing with your lungs will led to major problems in the long haul. The disease I will discuss is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease {COPD}. COPD is the resistance to airflow as a result of airway narrowing. Airway obstruction may result from accumulated secretions, edema, swelling of inner lumen of airway, bronchospasm, or destruction of lung tissue. There three cystic fibrosis that is related to COPD and they are Emphysema, Chronic bronchitis, and Asthma. ...view middle of the document...

Incidence of COPD is 10.7 million in the United States as patients continue to smoke, women is on the rise since 2000, more death in women than men. COPD is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States, most people die within ten years of being diagnosed {CDC,}.
Asthma is the inflammation, causing airway hyper responsiveness and is connected to COPD.  Hyper responsiveness causes the symptoms of asthma such as wheezing, breathless, chest tightness, and cough. The morbidity/mortality is 4,000 deaths per year. The prevalence of asthma has increased dramatically over the last 25 years, as air quality has declined in industrialized Western countries {Donna R. Falvo, 417.} The triggers of asthma attacks are allergens, exercise, air pollutions, occupational factors, respiratory infections, and emotional stress. Allergens are 40% of all asthma, and it is seasonal like pollen, year around like dust mites, molds, animal’s dander, feathers, and bugs. Exercise esp when it’s cold, but meds can control it. Air pollutions from places that have more automobile exhaust and Occupational factors related to exposure to dust or pharmaceutical agents such as danders, secretions, metals/plastics [wearing protective gear will help to prevent]. Respiratory infections is the single most precipitating factor expose to someone sick and causes a lot of  secretions that will cause an asthma attack. Viral, influenza and rhino virus increases hyper responsiveness of the airway, and can last from two to eight weeks after infection. Mainly it will irritate the airway, just avoid being around anyone that have a cold or flu. The best way to get around it is to take a flu vaccine and avoid otc cold/flu meds because it can make it worse. Emotional stress can cause panic and anxiety which makes your heart rate to go up and an asthma attack will accrue. The psychosocial issues one has to deal with when having asthma is the out of pocket expense, transportation, and lack of medical insurance can also be posing a challenge to them.   Individuals with asthma may experience feeling of anger and low self- esteem, which in turn may cause difficulty in acceptance of their condition. They may have difficulty coming to terms with the limitations impose by their condition and have a sense of loss of control over themselves and their life {Donna R. Falvo, p419.}. Patients can be placed on a drug therapy that in tale short action and long action.  Meter dose inhalers {MDI’s], dry powder inhalers {DPI}, HHN- hand held nebulizer for larger doses in severe cases are short action. Patients are taught to breathe out and hold 2”away then press and release med, shake, tilt head back slightly then breathe 3-5 seconds in then repeat each puff. Long acting for asthma is Bronchodilators and the agonists are xanthenes such as theophylline, aminophyllin and anticholinergics is atrovent.
Emphysema s a long-term, progressive disease of the lungs that primarily causes shortness of breath, which...

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