Health Campaign Part 1
HCS 535 – Concepts of Population Health
February 23, 2015
Instructor Patti Mataxen
Health Campaign Part 1
In the paper the topic to be discussed is health campaign of a public health issue aligned with a nationally identified health objective. There are many public health issues that people face daily and one major public health issue is obesity. When dealing with public health issues physical activity is important to help reduce health issues such as obesity which can lead to serious health problems. The main points that will be discussed are identification of a specific issue and nationally identified health objective which will be obesity. ...view middle of the document...
Middle aged adults are affected by obesity more than any other age group in adults. Obesity in children remain high. Within the United States there is one-third of the population that is obese. Obesity is a chronic disease which is either a long-tern or lifelong condition for many people. Death by obesity is preventable depending on the lifestyle a person choses to live. According to Rippe, J. M., Crossley, S., & Ringer, R. (1998), “Although there is clearly a strong genetic component of obesity, lifestyle issues such as proper nutrition, regular physical activity, and attention to eating behaviors and cues remain critical tools in effective treatment of the disease” (P. s10). There are many classification for weight using BMI. People that are underweight have a BMI less than 18.5, normal weight BMI is 18.5 – 24.9, overweight BMI is 25.0 – 29.9, obesity class 1 BMI is 30.0 – 34.9, obesity class 2 BMI is 35.0 – 39.9, obesity class 3 BMI is 40.0 and above, extreme obesity BMI is greater than 40, and super obesity BMI is greater than 50. The national identified health objectives consists of eating healthy, physical exercise, and education classes.
Addressing and Managing Obesity
The federal, state, and local agencies tasked with addressing and managing obesity consists of Department of Health and Human Services, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), Ohio Department of Health (ODH), and Ohio Department of Job and Family Services
Models and Systems
The models and systems used to determine and analyze obesity consists of systems science. According to Johnston, L. M., Matteson, C. L., & Finegood, D.T. (2014), “Systems science can complement socioecological models of health promotion by examining not just the causes of obesity by also interactions across its contributing subsystems” (P. 1270). System science deals with understanding of health problems. A model that is used is simulation modeling. According to Cockrell Skinner, A. & Foster, E. M. (2013), “One tool is simulation modeling, grouped into three broad conceptual paradigms: system dynamics modeling (SDM), agent-based modeling (ABM), and discrete event simulation (DES)” (P. 2). There are properties of obesity which consists of breadth, feedback loops, dynamic systems in real time, interactions of individual’s actors, interactions between multiple levels, complex relational structure, heterogeneous actors, spatial, and bounded rationality. Conceptual model for childhood obesity.
Community and Targeted Population
The community and target population children, adults, and different races such as whites, African Americans, Hispanics, and Asians. There are many types of people that are obese. People who have an exercise routine, healthy eating habits, and educational programs to help maintain his...