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Health And Safetyglossary Of Health And Safety Terms

5567 words - 23 pages

Health and SafetyGlossary of Health and Safety Terms

|A | |
|Abnormal Event |An unplanned or unusual event or occurrence. |
|Absolute |A non negotiable duty imposed by a regulation when it uses the term 'shall' or 'must' without the qualification of |
| |'reasonably practicable'. |
|Absorption ...view middle of the document...

| |accepted as No. of Accidents x 100,000/No. of Hours Worked. |
|Acid |An organic or inorganic compound, usually a liquid with a pH of less than 7. Acidic materials are corrosive to human tissue. |
|ACOP |Approved Code of Practice |
|Action Level |The level above which action should be taken. For example the Noise at Work Regulations 1989 define two actions levels. The |
| |lower level 80dB(A) at which the employer must provide information and training and make hearing protection available. The |
| |upper exposure action level of 85dB(A) above which the employer should take reasonably practicable steps to reduce noise and |
| |the wearing of hearing protection becomes mandatory.  |
| |In the US the action level commonly refers to the exposure level at which the OSHA regulations take effect. |
|Acute Effect |An effect arising from exposure to a hazardous substance which happens immediately on exposure. |
|Acute Exposure |Single exposure to a hazardous substance over a short period of time. The seriousness of this exposure will depend on the |
| |toxicity of the substance. |
|Adaptation |The ability of people to cope with situations that are less than perfect. |
|Aerosols |Aerosols are tiny liquid and solid particles suspended in the air. |
|AIB |Asbestos Insulation Board |
|AIDS |Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome |
|Air Exchange Rate |The rate at which outdoor air replaces indoor air. Often stated as the number of changes per hour. |
|ALARA |As Low As Reasonably Achievable. An approach initially developed in the nuclear industry to ensure that facilities and |
| |practices were designed to keep risks As Low As Reasonably Achievable. |
|ALARP |As Low As Reasonably Practicable. An approach initially developed in the nuclear industry to ensure that facilities and |
| |practices were...

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