Health And Safety Measures For Workers In Japan

3498 words - 14 pages

Health and Safety Measures for Workers in Japan
.

Allan Ray S. Gabriel
MBA
1st term, 2011-2012
De La Salle University, Manila

Business Law
Atty. Antonio Ligon
Professor

Introduction

Japan, being an industrial nation, ranks high in the world in terms of competitiveness and safety.
The purpose of this study is to present an investigation and inquiry into Japan’s measures on Health and Safety for their workers; including their policies, implementing government agencies, and results; as compared with the measures taken in our country.
It also aims to identify areas where we can gain knowledge of Japan’s measures to keep their workers safe and healthy. This study also seeks ...view middle of the document...

It has been noted that the number of accidents were significantly reduced after the Industrial Safety and Health Law was enacted in 1972.
The next section of this study will aim to look into relevant policies and legislation that impact Japan’s efforts in reducing industrial-related accidents and diseases.
Policy and Legislation
There are several laws that cover the safety and health of workers in Japan -
Industrial Accident Prevention Organization Law (enacted 1964)
Chapter 1, Article 1 of this law states:
“The purpose of this Law is to take measures for promoting voluntary activities by the organizations of employers with the purpose of preventing industrial accidents and in so doing to contribute to the prevention of industrial accidents.”
This law paved the way for the creation of The Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association (JISHA ).
Industrial Safety and Health Law
Chapter 1, Article 1 of this law states:
“The purpose of this Act is to secure, in conjunction with the Labor Standards Act (Act No. 49 of 1947), the safety and health of workers in workplaces, as well as to facilitate the establishment of comfortable working environment, by promoting comprehensive and systematic countermeasures concerning the prevention of industrial accidents, such as taking measures for the establishment of standards for hazard prevention, clarifying the safety and health management responsibility and the promotion of voluntary activities with a view to preventing industrial accidents.”
As previously stated, the decline in the number of industrial accidents were reduced after this law was enacted, giving it credit for largely contributing to reducing industrial accidents.
This law covers more topics that include Accident prevention, machines, harmful substances; promoting worker’s health, creating a comfortable work environment, inspections and penal provisions.
Working Environment Measurement Law
Chapter 1, Article 1 states :
“The purpose of this Law is to secure, in conjunction with the Industrial Safety and Health Law (Law No. 57 of 1972), the optimal working environment by providing for the qualifications of a working environment measurement expert, and matters necessary for working environment measurement agencies, etc., concerning the measurement of working environments, and thereby to maintain the health of workers in workplaces.”
Pneumoconiosis Law
Chapter 1, Article 1 states:
“This Law aims at contributing to the maintenance of workers' health as well as the promotion of their welfare by proper preventive means, supervision of health and any other necessary measures against pneumoconiosis.”
Pneumoconiosis is defined as “also known as coal workers' pneumoconiosis, miner's asthma, or black lung disease, is a lung condition caused by the inhalation of dust, characterized by formation of nodular fibrotic changes in lungs.”
Ordinances
Japan's Industrial Safety and Health Law and related ordinances are introduced in the article...

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