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Health And Clinical Psychology Ocr Essay

853 words - 4 pages

How has ear acupuncture been used as a treatment programme? (10 Marks)
It’s reported that of the flow of 130000 flow into the prisons in the UK each year, 70,000 inmates have a substance misuse issue. Ear acupuncture is an alternative treatment that has been used in prisons for 5 years and is popular as it’s cheap easily taught and doesn’t require the prisoner to be highly motivated to work. Given that drugs are a huge problem in prisons and society in general, this treatment has great potential.
Wheatley wished to test the effectiveness of ear acupuncture as a treatment in prisons. He compared 350 prisoners who received ear acupuncture twice a week for about a month along with the ...view middle of the document...

Compare the strengths of different offender treatment programmes? (15 Marks)
The recidivism rate in the UK is approximately 64%. In order to break the ‘revolving door’ phenomenon of repeat offending effective treatment and rehabilitation programmes are needed. It’s clear that at present these are too few and ineffective. Unfortunately, spending money on prisoners is not seen as a priority by governments and tax payers. But, this is short-sighted; breaking the cycle of re-offending is a major step towards reducing crime. There are many different treatment programmes that have been tried for their effectiveness; Cognitive skills programmes, anger management and ear acupuncture being the three most popular.
The biggest strength of all offender treatment programmes has got to be that if they work this could have huge practical application for the prisoners and society at large. Both anger management and cognitive skills programmes aim to deal with the way a person thinks believing that if we can change the way a person thinks or deals with a situation we will ultimately change the way they act. In the case of cognitive skills programmes this is built on the concept that before a criminal act can occur, it must be preceeded by a criminal thought thus by changing the way offenders think we can prevent re-offending. The main cognitive skills programme being cognitive behavioral therapy, or CBT, and CALM being the main form of anger manangement programme used in prisons. Similarly the alternative treatment of accupuncture has become very popular as a method over the...

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