A patient that have diabetes mellitus often have insulin inadequacy or lacking the ability to be effective in preventing sugars from leaving the blood and entering the body cells, where it is used to make energy(Zelman et al., 2010). These conditions are classified into two parts. Type 1 diabetes usually occurs between the ages of ten to fourteen (Zelman et al., 2010). Type 2 diabetes typically occurs in a patient’s older years and has been linked to insulin resistance, impaired insulin secretion, and other factors (Zelman et al., 2010). Patients with these conditions often show warning signs of diabetes (Zelman et al., 2010). Zelman et al. (2010) highlights that a patient ...view middle of the document...
Type 2 diabetes is not linked to the destroying of beta cells (Zelman et al., 2010). This condition is the outcome of deficiencies in insulin secretion by the pancreas and insulin use in specific tissues, which leads to increased insulin emanation by the beta cells, with decreased or insulin deficiency comparative to blood glucose levels (Zelman et al., 2010). Insulin resistance can be caused by hormones such as cortisol, growth, and epinephrine, or specific tissue shortcomings, which involves interruptions of glucose transport by fatty acid buildup seen in obesity (Zelman et al., 2010). Patients with insulin resistance in the liver, muscle, and fat cells and decreased insulin emanation by their pancreas, enhanced glucose production by the liver, and obesity is the most common reasons for developing type 2 diabetes(Zelman et al., 2010).
Symptoms of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
A patient with type 1 diabetes often experience frequent urination, extreme thirst, hunger, weight loss, fatigue, and irritability (Zelman et al., 2010). According to Zelman et al. (2010), this is because the water’s movement by concentration inclines, and become lost through the kidneys as glucose increase, which causes the patient to become very thirsty. As the patient glucose levels rise, they began to develop extreme hunger in the appearance of hyperglycemia, which leads to them binge eating, but they still lose weight rapidly despite of their overeating (Zelman et al., 2010).
A individual that have type 2 diabetes may experience all of the symptoms of type 1 diabetes, as well as receiving constant infections on the skin, gum, or bladder, blurred vision, cuts and bruises not healing properly, and feeling of numbness or tingling in the hands or feet(Zelman et al., 2010). Zelman et al. (2010) highlights that patient with diabetes often develop chronic complications because of chronic pathological scornful abuse to the microvasculature, or the undersized or large blood vessels, which often occurs in the eyes, kidneys, and nerves. According to Zelman et al. (2010), high blood sugar damages the endothelial cell lining of blood vessels, causing narrowing and obstruction of large and small vessels, then the cells die.
Treatment and Prevention options for Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
A patient with type 1 diabetes needs a very thorough medication therapy, which consists of receiving several injections of insulin or an external treatment insulin pump (Nathan et al., 2005). Nathan et al. (2005) highlights that these dosages should have adjustments based on a minimum of four self-monitored glucose measurements...