This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

‘Haydn Came To London As Europe’s Greatest Living Composer. How Did He Live Up To His Billing With The First 16 Bars Of His ‘London Symphony’?

737 words - 3 pages

‘Haydn came to London as Europe’s greatest living composer. How did he live up to his billing with the first 16 bars of his ‘London Symphony’?
Haydn was asked to produce 12 symphonies for his visits to England, the final one being called ‘The London Symphony’ which was first performed on 4 May 1795. The first 17 bars are his Adagio introduction before the sonata Allegro form.
To start off his final symphony, Haydn wanted to make an impact and to make everyone sit up and he does this by the fortissimo and having the full orchestra (flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, horns, trumpets, timpani and strings) playing to make a big important sounding start to his symphony. The first two bars are regal and ceremonial starting off as a fanfare. The grand impression is given with the dotted rhythms and rising perfect fifths which combined with the octave texture makes it sound powerful and impressive. The opening key is ambiguous; we know by the tonic and the fifth that it is in D ...view middle of the document...

The rhythm is the same but the stepwise movement contrasts to the previous octave leaps and imply the feeling of apprehension. This is exaggerated by the fact that we now know it is in D minor (by the f naturals in the bass line). Throughout these bars Haydn uses inverted chords (I b – V7D) instead of the previous octaves and this adds to the mystery of the piece as the chords sound unstable. The 5th and 6th bar changes the key slightly and we expect them to sound like bar 3 but it goes to the relative major of F with the same chord progression until the fourth bar which ends with an imperfect cadence leading onto bars 7/8 which are now in the key of F major.
In bars 7/8 the opening fanfare is used again (but in F major). As a result of the key change, the horns and the timpani cannot play as they are turned to D and A. This makes this section sound weaker but it is still the same powerful fanfare idea.
After the fanfare, the mysterious music returns for 5 bars making the uneasy and anticipation feeling being stronger. This is done by the stepwise and chromatic movement which makes us stray away from the original keys we have previously used and uses F7, G minor (V7 – Ib), A minor (V7 – Ib), and back to D minor at the ending of bar 13 which ends with a perfect cadence. The rising sequence in bars 9-11 and the melodic idea being used more frequently heightens our suspicion and Haydn exaggerates this by adding another bar to the motif than previously used. Also the change from fortissimo to piano makes us suspicious.
The final 3 bars return to both the fanfare and mysterious ideas. Bar 14 is forte again contrasting to the previous section, and uses all the instruments once again being in D minor exactly like bar 1. However the next bar surprises us using a steep drop in the dynamics to pp. The mysterious motif is used but differently dropping by a fifth (compared to the usual 4th) to the subdominant. The E flat major chord at the end of the bar is rich and colourful surprising us because it is built from the flattened second degree of the scale known as the Neapolitan Chord. Bar 16 follows with a poignant solo oboe which seems melancholy and crying out for help, the bar ends with an imperfect cadence (Ic to V7) preparing us for what is to happen next into the joyful and major beginning of the Allegro section.

Other Papers Like ‘Haydn Came to London as Europe’s Greatest Living Composer. How Did He Live Up to His Billing with the First 16 Bars of His ‘London Symphony’?

How Does the Poetry of Wilfred Owen Reflect His Experiences of the First World War?

686 words - 3 pages Wilfred Owen effectively replicates his experience of war in his poetry ‘The Next War’ and ‘Anthem for Doomed Youth’. Owen operates a variety of sensory techniques within both poems as to illustrate the battlefield at war. A strong sense of comradery is also prevalent theme in Owen’s poetry as he attempts to connect the audience to his ideals. Owen utilises an engaging level of sensory imagery to replicate battlefield conditions at war. The

How in His Description of the Journey to and Arrival at Baskerville Hall Does Arthur Conan Doyle Build Up the Ideas of Mystery and Menace on Which the Story Rests?

1209 words - 5 pages contains gothic feelings about it as well, with “frowning walls and dark window openings.” This gives an eerie and scary feeling about the castle, like it did with Baskerville Hall. In Conclusion, Conan Doyle uses many different techniques to create and build up mystery and menace. His use of description of the landscape builds up menace because it is unfriendly, such as “jagged” and also very unwelcoming, as if the landscape doesn’t want Holmes

Jackson Pollock - Did He Put More Into His Paintings Than Most Artists?

841 words - 4 pages Jackson PollockDid he put more into his paintings than most artists?Jackson Pollock was a revolutionary painter and took his methods to new heights so that he could work more directly with the canvas to show pure emotion within his art work.In 1938, Jackson Pollock went to see a psychoanalysis to help him get over a drinking problem, but he couldn't express himself well enough through words so he decided to draw a series of paintings in which he

Leonardo Da Vinci One Of The Greatest Artists Pertold In History. He Created Several Tremendous And Infamous Art Pieces Including "The Mona Lisa." This Was Only One Of His Several Extradinary Works

875 words - 4 pages of France, invited Leonardo to return to that city. His work in painting and sculpture over the next seven years remained mostly in the planning stage--in sketches that he drew but that never became paintings or statues--but his scientific work flourished. He continued his notebooks with observations and drawings of human anatomy, optics, mechanics, and botanical studies. He also did some sketches for a Medici residence in Florence that was

What Did Louis Xiv Hope to Accomplish in His Domestic and Foreign Policies in France?

1189 words - 5 pages What did Louis XIV hope to accomplish in his domestic and foreign policies in France? Louis XIV’s domestic policy was to transform France. Louis XIV built on Louis XIII’s policy of extending absolute royal rule (centralised absolutism) to all parts of the kingdom. A. Aided by politicians such as Jean-Baptiste Colbert, and more especially, Jules Mazarin, Louis stamped his rule on his kingdom. It was Louis who had said “L’état, c’est moi.” (I

"Beowul Part Three" He Saves A Neighboring People From A Monster, Grendel, Eventually Becomes The King Of His Own People, And Dies Defending Them From A Dragon

5669 words - 23 pages sword,cut them open,or hang them from trees,a sport for birds.Help came to themwith the early dawnwhen Hygelacsounded his trumpet,came up the roadwith picked warriors.The bloody tracks were widelyseen, the bloody feudbetween Geats and Swedes.Ongentheow was forcedto seek higher ground,the old manwith his kinsmen--he quickly learnedof Hygelac's war,did not believehe could not withstandthe war of the sailors.The old man retreatedwith his children and

How Winston Churchill Uses Language To Engage With His Audience

859 words - 4 pages audience and make remarkable and powerful phrases, particularly as people at the time had strong Christian beliefs. At a time of conflict, religion can be used to connect with the audience as religion is something to follow. He depicts Britain as a ‘Christian civilisation’. This is not only stirring, patriotic and prejudiced for the audience but it has a powerful contradiction of irony. This is due to the fact that protestant Christianity did not

A FATHER'S LESSON TO HIS CHILD: A Book Report Of Symbolizism Within TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD. Shows The Atticus's Relationship With His Children And Important Lessons

1429 words - 6 pages of living, and treat all people as an equal.Atticus's role in his children lives teaches them valuable lessons in life. First, Scout learns to respect others by listening to Atticus explicitly that teaches her. Secondly, Jem and Scout learn to be mature because Atticus models and explains how to not be violent. Lastly, Scout's elders teach her to respect others by understanding the differences in other people's lives and situations. To Kill a

To Build a Fire” Jack London

944 words - 4 pages mittened hand” (London 82). The protagonist fails to recognize the danger and disregards the numbness in his nose and cheekbones. An open minded person’s instinct tells the person how to act in such situations, to stop the journey and head back before it is too late. However, in London's short story, the main character lacks the understanding of reality. The character sees the power of the cold weather, but he continues on with his journey. His main

‘the Character of Thomas Learns to Accept His Brother and His Family in the Black Balloon. How Does Elissa Down Show Us This?’

1258 words - 6 pages Thomas feeling a bit ashamed in what he said but also helps him to see the future and how strong his parents are dealing with Charlie. In a way, it makes him closer to the family side of things and see the long term view and how Charlie’s autism will always affect the Mollison family, but the way his mother deals with it shows him the way in which it should be dealt with to live in peace. Simon also helps Thomas understand Charlie when they are

How to Live

620 words - 3 pages good and bad days he went through. I quote, Best 11 years of my childhood growing up, what Mehrshad said months before he passed away. He would always tell me about the memories he had in the schools he attended all in the distance of 10 minutes of where he lived as a child with his parents. I remember him telling me he would sometimes just walk in the playground where he used to play during lunch time and recess time to reminisce long after he

Related Essays

Years Later, He Remembered His First Experience With Hatred

608 words - 3 pages really gay (carefree) at that time.He did pursue his dream, and we lost touch for a few months, but then news came, I got a phone call from him.C: Dude you will not believe this!Me: Believe what? What happened?C: I got the role, I told you I would do it!Me: Haha good job, so am I going to get a free card or what? *saying that with a smile on my face*C: Definitely.I went to New York for the first time, it was indeed thrilling. I got into my apartment

Thomas More, About What He Did In His Life And Why He Was So Hard To Put Down By The Catholic Church And Many Of His Former Friends In The English Government

572 words - 3 pages Thomas MoreThomas More was born in London, England in 1478. He wastruly one to represent the age he lived in, a lawyer, statesman,humanist, ascetic, advocate for equal rights for women, anenlightened teacher, Henry the 8ths Lord Chancellor, author ofUtopia. Thomas more was born the son of a Judge, and finally (assome see him) a Roman Catholic Martyr and (as i see him) a truedefender of his moralsSir Thomas fathered four children with his first

Why Did Putin Engage In Federal Reform As His Immediate Priority On Coming To Power? What Were The Main Aspects Of His Policy?

3395 words - 14 pages regional leaders to be fired they would have to demonstrate "unprecedented obstinacy, audacity, and even stupidity".It is interesting to note that Putin did not use his new powers against the Governor of the Primorskii Krai, Yevgenii Nazdratenko; Putin dismissed Nazdratenko and then rewarded him with a ministerial post in Moscow. As Orttung and Reddaway noted; "even if the president does force a governor out of office, the region will hold new

To What Extent Did Otto Von Bismarck Plan Ahead With His Foreign Policy

1879 words - 8 pages big picture but was lucky that the circumstances arose that allowed him to succeed.In later life Bismarck declared "man cannot create the current of events. He can only float with it and steer."This is exactly what Bismarck did, he watched as events unfolded and used them to the greatest advantage.