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Gun Control Effectiveness; Fact Or Fiction

1834 words - 8 pages

Gun Control Effectiveness; Fact or Fiction
Daryl L. Wassell
March 10, 2013
Robin Lyons

Gun Control Effectiveness; Fact or Fiction
The second amendment gave all citizens “the right of the people to keep and bear Arms”, and that right accordingly “shall not be infringed” (National Archives, 2012). Within this statement the founding fathers rose to the level of securing the countries new freedom with defense by any means necessary. While the second amendment permits gun ownership, it is also with the intent of securing our land from imminent national threat. As it states, “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State” (National Archives, 2013) ...view middle of the document...

30-31). As a result the United Nations have embarked on an international trade treaty to govern specific principles to follow. Great Britain, along with several other countries, was the first in 2006 to introduce a resolution to establish standards for an international arms trade agreement. The treaty that is to be proposed is not unlike our second amendment. In essence it affords each country the right to defend itself from outside aggression. In all, “of the 192 member states of the United Nations, 153 voted for the resolution at its launch” (Cornish, 2008, p. 30-31). Still the largest obstacle to overcome internationally is illegal arms trading.

While the international community has adopted a sense of urgency with regard to gun violence and illegal arms trading, in the United States there are still several other obstacles. Video games and movie violence pervade American lifestyle. Depending on what state you live in, the laws are different concerning what is and what isn’t legal with regard to gun ownership. The United Nations determined that it is within their best interest to control violence and guns on an international level. It would seem that the United States should react similarly with federal law that applies nationally instead of state-by-state. Before the country moves forward with another ban on guns, it might be important to note what has been done so far in the judicial system and determine the effectiveness of said actions.

In 1791 the United States ratified the second amendment to the Constitution granting the rights of its citizens to bear arms with no infringement. Subsequently there have been eight separate acts developed for gun control dating back to 1934. Franklin D. Roosevelt introduced the National Firearms Act in 1934 “brought about by the lawlessness and rise of gangster culture during prohibition” (Gettings & McNiff, 2013). This act was specifically aimed at removing automatic-type weapons, silencers, and short-barreled shotguns from the streets. It also put the Treasury Department in charge of a $200 tax for gun ownership along with mandatory paperwork subject to their approval. Another of the more significant laws enacted was the Gun Control Act of 1968, which established the definition of person banned from owning guns. Not just persons convicted of felonies, but also those with mental illness encumbering one’s ability to make rational choices. This came as a result of the deaths of President John Kennedy, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Robert Kennedy.

Following the demand for a decrease in domestic violence the United States continued to establish additional laws. The most recently noteworthy law to pass was the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act in 1994. This put a probationary five-day waiting period for all gun purchases and instituted a National Instant Criminal Background Check System run by the FBI. This was brought about by an attempt on President Ronald Reagan’s life as well as Press...

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