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Gulf Of Mexico Oil Spill And Bp Environmental Cleanup

5264 words - 22 pages

Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill and BP
Environmental Clean-Up

Deb Schoenwether
MGMT 312 Creativity & Innovation
December 8, 2010

Submitted By:
Joe Panayiotou
Angela Merryfield
Sonya Meggs
Lisa Parker
Kristi Mathews

Introduction: (Lisa Parker)
On April 20, 2010, an explosion occurred on an offshore drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico, killing 28 people. It was later found that the wellhead was damaged and was leaking oil from the British Petroleum (BP) Oil Refinery into the Gulf of Mexico. In a report on the incident issued by BP on September 8, the company admitted that there were weaknesses in the cement design and testing. It is the largest accidental marine oil spill ...view middle of the document...

In late November, 4,200 square miles of the Gulf were re-closed to shrimping after tar balls were found in shrimpers' nets. The total amount of Louisiana shoreline impacted by oil grew from 287 in July to 320 miles in late November.
The U.S. Government has named BP as the responsible party, and officials have committed to holding the company accountable for all cleanup costs and other damage. President Obama ordered BP to pay the cost of all employees’ loss of wages and the cost of all clean up along the Gulf of Mexico and its coastal shorelines. After its own internal probe, BP admitted that it made mistakes which led to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill. BP is the cause of the biggest oil spill in the world and because of carelessness, cost cutting, and arrogance the environment has suffered drastically.
Relevant Facts: (Sonya Meggs)
Transocean Ltd, world’s largest off-shore drilling contractor for BP had a malfunction with one of its rigs in Venice, Louisiana. A methane bubble comes up from the well causing a massive explosion killing eleven and wounding seventeen. Oil started to gush and pollute the Gulf of Mexico affecting Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida. After two days the Deepwater Horizon Rig sank the entire platform.
BP deployed robots to trigger the blow out preventers and this process fails. Underwater video was sent down to observe damages and showed that the flow rate was at one thousand barrels of oil per day. Over a course of time this figure more than doubled. During this ordeal BP reports a rise in profits. BP at this point becomes an investigative target of the government. Each Executor from BP and Transocean Ltd started to point fingers at each other to place the blame. Obama made a decision to suspend all drilling until the spill can be contained. Drilling workers were upset because of their layoff. Obama ordered BP to pay the cost of all employees’ loss of wages and the cost of all clean up along the Gulf of Mexico and its coastal shorelines.
There were many attempts made by BP to contain and clean the massive spill. On July 15, 2010 BP did what it set out to do, contain the leak with a small containment cap and sealed with a cement plug. Finally a pressure test was taken and Administrator, Thad Allen announces that the oil leak is permanently closed. Even though efforts were being made to fix the oil leak there was still massive environmental damage. BP used many efforts to clean the coastal shorelines and the Gulf of Mexico. Just to name a few, controlled burns were used to control oil from the surface but had an environmental impact from sea to air and could only used during good weather conditions. Service Dispersants were sprayed by boats, aircrafts and workers on the shore manually. This chemical is supposed to separate oil from water. This method did not work because the chemical affect does not last long but leaves toxic chemical in the water that could cause other...

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