Why do people join groups?
Security: by joining a group, individuals can reduce the insecurity of standing alone. People feel stronger, have fewer self-doubts, and are more resistant to threat when they are part of a group.
Status: inclusion in a group that is viewed as important by others provides recognition and status for its members.
Self-esteem: groups can provide people with feelings of self-worth. That is in addition to conveying status to those outside the group, membership can also give increased feeling of worth to the gropes members themselves.
Affiliation: groups can fulfill social needs, people enjoy the regular interaction that comes with membership.
Power: what ...view middle of the document...
• After this silent period, each member presents one idea to the group. Each member takes turn, presenting a single idea until all ideas have been presented and recorded.
• The group now discusses the idea of clarity and evaluates them.
• Each group member silently and independent rank-orders the ideas. The ideal with the highest aggregate ranking determines the final decision.
4. Electronic meeting: A meeting in which members interact on computers, allowing or anonymity of comments and aggregation of votes.
Asian perspective on group behavior:
The individualism of the West and the collectivism of the East influence group processes in different ways. Asians place great value on the group and its acceptance they and value the differentiation that their group provides demarcation them from other groups.
Asians give utmost importance to family. Familiars and nepotism are common. In korea, about 30% of companies have family member as executive. Similarly, in India, the family business is offer passed on to the next generation, which than takes over the business. This practice is based on the belief that family members are more trustworthy, committed, and loyal. In India, not only the family business but also political candidature is passed on to the kin. The five generations of the Nehru family in Indian politics and Lalu Prasad yadav’s election of his wife Rabri Devi as the successor for the post of Chief Minister of Bihar a are prominent examples of this practice.
In Asia, group’s expert, demand, and extract close adherence to group norms.
They are highly sensitive and believe that no adherence to group norms may lead to jeopardizing the relationship or expulsion from the groups. As the Asian cultural drives towered flexibility and tolerance, role erosion and roles ambiguity are prevalent.
Emotional bonding, through shared lunch at the office, for example is very popular among Asians. Sharing of socio-emotional activities is more important than task-orientated. Asian workers frequently visit colleagues and celebrate festivals together. Asians respond quickly and visit group members when they are distressed or ill.
The Dangers of Groupthink
Sometimes, the desire to maintain group harmony over rides the importance of making sound decisions. When that occurs, team members are said to engage in group think. Here are some examples:
• a civilian worker at a large Air Force base recalls a time that groupthink overcame her team’s decision-making ability. She was a member of a process improvement team that an Air Force general had formed to develop a better way to handle the base’s mail, which included important letters from high-ranking military individuals. The team was composed mostly of civilians, and it took almost a month to come up with a plan. The problem: The plan was not a process improvement. Recalls the civilian worker, “I was horrified. What used to be 8 steps; now there...