Organization and Technology of Information Management (MCAP-303)
Perform an Internet search on the phrase “green computing” and then answer the following questions.
How would you define green computing?
Green computing or green IT, refers to environmentally sustainable computing or IT. It is also defined as "the study and practice of designing, manufacturing, using, and disposing of computers, servers, and associated subsystems—such as monitors, printers, storage devices, and networking and communications systems—efficiently and effectively with minimal or no impact on the environment.” Green computing is the environmentally responsible use of computers and related resources. Such ...view middle of the document...
Other major corporations who are going green as a way to save money on power consumption include most Wall Street firms (since they use a tremendous amount of power in their data centers), banks like Wells Fargo, and Amazon.com.
“IT management isn't the first place you would start looking for environmental activists. But in 2006, the people in charge of buying and deploying computer technology found the concept of green computing extra compelling. Analysts say the main reason is cost, energy and space savings; if it's also good for the environment, that's icing on the cake. "Even if a customer is not looking at IT purchasing from an environmental-impact perspective, things like power management and energy efficiency are now a TCO [total cost of ownership] and infrastructure issue," John Frey, manager of corporate environmental strategies at HP, told internetnews.com. The way things are going, Gartner predicts that by 2008, 50 percent of current datacenters will have insufficient power and cooling capacity to meet the demands of high-density equipment. "With the advent of high-density computer equipment such as blade servers, many datacenters have maxed out their power and cooling capacity," said Michael A. Bell, research vice president for Gartner. "It's now possible to pack racks with equipment requiring 30,000 watts per rack or more in a connected load. This compares to only 2,000 to 3,000 watts per rack a few years ago." And energy costs are rising. HP engineering research estimates that for every dollar spent on information technology, a company can expect to spend the same or more to power and cool it. As companies add more performance, they can expect those costs to continue rising. (Internetnews.com, Greener Systems an Unstoppable Trend, David Needle, December 27, 2006)
One of the spin-offs of green computing is EPEAT or Electronic Products Environmental Assessment Tool. EPEAT products serve to increase the efficiency and life of computing products. Moreover, these products are designed to minimize energy expenditures, minimize maintenance activities throughout the life of the product and allow the re-use or recycling of some materials. This group applies and uses green computing philosophies mainly to save up on costs rather than save the environment. The GREEN Electronics Council offers the Electronic Products Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT) to assist in the purchase of “GREEN” computing systems. They evaluate computing equipment on 28 criteria that measure a product’s efficiency and sustainability attributes. Therefore it makes GREEN-computing possible for SME.
In government level, many governmental agencies have continued to implement standards and regulations that encourage GREEN computing. For example, the Energy Star program was revised in 2006 to include stricter efficiency requirements for computer equipment. Not only the U.S. government improved their GREEN-computing program; the European Union’s directives...