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Greek Mythology: Fear Of The Unknown

1867 words - 8 pages

Title Greek Mythology: Fear of the Unknown

The ancient Greeks lived in an influential and creative time. Music filled the streets, sculptures towered over the city and masterpieces hung on walls everywhere. Children were being educated which led to great philosophers in the future. This city-state was flourishing and is now known today as one of the most advanced ancient civilizations. As progressive as these people were sadly, they were held back by their own beliefs. The fear of a raging hurricane controlled by Poseidon or one of Zeus’s deadly lightning bolts left people scared that these awful things could happen to them which made following the lessons of the stories a lot easier ...view middle of the document...

Hera turned Io into a savage beast because Zeus fell in love with the once beautiful princess (Hamilton, 79). The lesson that the ancient Greeks learned was that if a god/goddess disproved of your relationship they could punish you in awful ways. The Greeks also learned that a mortal falling in love with an immortal was very dangerous and instead of thinking for themselves and marrying someone they truly loved it was best to marry someone who wouldn’t enrage the gods. In the myths, mortals were often punished for falling in love but, the lovers who truly suffered were the ones who betrayed their own families in the name of love. Medea fell madly in love with Jason and was willing to do anything to prove to him she loved him. During Jason’s quest for the Golden Fleece Aetes, Medea’s father, tells Jason if he completes two tasks (that were meant to kill him) he can have the fleece (Hamilton, 129). Medea had magic powers and gave Jason all the tools he needed to succeed at the tasks and get the fleece (Hamilton,130). When Jason succeeded Aetes sent Medea’s brother and a large army in pursuit of them but Medea saved them by killing her own brother (Hamilton, 132). In the end, after all Medea had done for him he left her to marry the princess of Crete and Medea was banished with her and Jason’s two little children (Hamilton, 133). Medea got revenge and killed the princess and her two children and left Jason on chariot pulled by dragons (Hamilton,135). Ariadne is another girl who goes against her father and to help her love. Minos is a king who every year makes seven boys and seven girls go into the labyrinth and try to kill the minotaur that lives within its walls (Hamilton, 157). Theseus was one of those seven boys and when Ariadne (Minos’ daughter) sees him she instantly falls in love (Hamilton, 157) . She gives him away to not get lost in the labyrinth and he promises her he will marry her (Hamilton, 158). When Theseus defeats the monster he sails away with Ariadne but, when they get to the island of Naxos he abandons her (Hamilton, 158). Both these stories show that if you think for yourself and support your loved one over your family you will end up very unhappy. No one was allowed to think they were better than any god/goddess in ancient Greece and arrogance was a character flaw that was looked down upon . Niobe was an extremely arrogant woman. She told all of the people of Thebes that she was greater and much more powerful than Leto and that they should worship her instead. (Hamilton, 250). Artemis and Apollo were outraged at how Niobe was putting herself above their mother so they came down to earth and killed all fourteen of her children (Hamilton, 250). Phaethon was the son of the Sun and when he went to him to find out if he really was his son the Sun said yes and told him that Phaethon could have anything he wanted of him and he would give it to him (Hamilton, 137). Phaethon asked for one day to be able to ride the Sun’s chariot...

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