This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Great Lakes Water Wars Essay

2859 words - 12 pages

Great Lakes Water Wars


Water is a requirement of all life, as “it dissolves organic molecules…allows for transportation in and out of cells; and it is involved in many of metabolic reactions in the cells,” (Bennett & Shostak, 2007). Water is therefore in high demand due to its importance need to sustain life. With a rising world population and increasing world pollution, is the supply of clean water is decreasing per capita against its forever growing demand. “While about three-fourths of the earth's surface is covered with water, only about 2.7 percent of it is drinkable,” (Allardice, 2005) “Some two-thirds of that is locked up in snow and ice,” (Ehewnman, 2003). ...view middle of the document...

The lakes that make up the Great Lakes are Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, Lake Erie, and Lake Ontario. The Great Lakes are the largest surface fresh water abundances in the world.
“One-fifth of the world's fresh water supply is in the Great Lakes. The water basin of the Great Lakes covers some 95,000 square miles and holds some six quadrillion gallons. With its 20 percent share of the world's fresh water, the Great Lakes region is ideally situated,” (Allardice, 2005).

The Great Lakes remain second in volume next to Lake Baikal, which is located in Russia. The lakes “ultimately receive water supply from precipitation, which increases from west to east,” (Gwinn, B, & Goetz, 1990).” The lakes water decreases due to evaporation and water diversion.

Water Supply

The Great Lakes supply flows from west (Superior) to east (St. Lawrence River), except for Lake Michigan, which flows south from Lake Huron. Due to the Great Lakes high quantities of fresh water, many private companies have had interests in selling it to the world market. This is not possible since…

“significant export of fresh water has been blocked by political and environmental actions. In 1986, Congress passed the Water Resources Development Act, which prevents the diversion of water from the Great Lakes without the approval of the region's eight governors,” (Allardice, 2005).

Although the water cannot be diverted, businesses can withdraw small amounts according to the water pact which is explained in the water pact portion of this paper. The other issue that is threatening the water supply is the Lake Michigan water diversion. According to, the Illinois-Michigan Canal was open to ship traffic in 1848 causing water to be diverted through the Chicago and Illinois Rivers to the Mississippi River. Due to a flow issue with Chicago’s sewage being flushed back into the Chicago River. Many people died, due to the fact that the river was also part of their drinking water. As a result in 1900 the canal created control structures to allow the sewage from Chicago to flow through the Illinois River (Figure 1). As a result in the 1920’s the Chicago diversion was as high as 24,000 million liters per day, which was reduced to 7,600 million liters per day by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1967. This amount that was set by the court still remains the legal withdrawal amount by the State. Today nearly mare than half of the state’s population live outside the lake’s drainage basin, and are fortunate to have access to this supply of lake water. The issue of this diversion is that it is a major reason the declining of the Great Lakes water levels, as well as other diversions. Although Canada has no control of the amount Chicago can remove, the water pact upholds the limit that was set by the U.S. Supreme Court. The water levels must be sustained for the many uses and benefits they serve for both economies. This mostly includes the...

Other Papers Like Great Lakes Water Wars

Effect of Water Pollution on Lake Huron

629 words - 3 pages Healthy Lake Huron Newsletter 2011 University of Michigan

Water Facts Essay

842 words - 4 pages lives until the age of seventy will require approximately 1-1/2 million gallons of water throughout their life. More than 70% of the world's population goes without clean water. Lake Michigan Water Facts The Great Lakes were formed when the glaciers cut through the surface of the earth and melted. This created the largest source of fresh water on the face of the planet. Even though Lake Michigan is the largest lake in the United States it

The Zebra Mussel

755 words - 4 pages the Zebra Mussel had been introduced to the Great Lakes region and was discovered in Lake Erie in 1988. It is believed the Zebra mussels were carried in the ballast water of transoceanic ships entering the Great lakes. By 1996 Zebra Mussels had been found in all of the Great Lakes (Zebra Mussels in North America).The Great Lakes provides an environment that provides the elements needed for the Zebra Mussel to thrive. Zebra Mussels are filter

Research And Evaluation: Weather Phenomenon

727 words - 3 pages . (NOAA website)ReferencesAsk Yahoo, (2000) Retrieved July 1, 2005 from, J (ND) Warm Water Helps Create Great Lakes Snowstorms. USA TodayRetrieved July 1, 2005 from www.usatoday.comLake effect, Inlandnet website (2005) Weather Phenomenon and Elements.Retrieved July 1, 2005 from www.islandnetcom/~see/weather/elementsNational Oceanic & Atmospheric Adminstration website (2005)Retrieved July 1, 2005 from www.crh.noaa.govUnion of Concerned Scientists (2005) Climate Change in PennsylvaniaRetrieved July 1, 2005 from

Bacteria Lab Report

1005 words - 5 pages of colonies is present in gees pop area. References: 1. American Public Health Association, 2001, 2130 B. Turbidity, in Clesceri, L.S., and others, ed., Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 20th Edition: Washington, D.C., American Public Health Association, p. 3. 2. Great Lakes Instrument Company, undated, Technical Bulletin Number T1-Turbidity Measurement, Rev 2–193: Loveland, CO. 3. Office of Water 820-F-12-058, (2012). 2012 Recreational Water Quality Criteria (1st ed., p. 43). United States Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved from

Benefits Of Midwestern Agriculture On United States Economy

727 words - 3 pages , the Midwest is a prime agricultural area.Located in the Midwest is the Great Lakes Basin, also known as the world's largest system of fresh water. This Basin has more than one hundred thousand square miles of navigable water causing it to be the centerpiece of this major agricultural region. The Midwest is continuing to develop, increasing competition in both domestic and global economies. The natural water routes and canal links play an

Status Of Water Pollution In Canada

2722 words - 11 pages that it would be cheaper filtering the water and waste at the point of creation, such as the factory, before being returned into the environment. Water treatment plants in municipalities have to dump more chlorine into the water to counteract the harmful bacteria that now reside in our waters. It is not only the concern of more chlorine in our drinking water; it’s the marine life that is being affected the most. The Great Lakes in Canada are being

Environmental History

2821 words - 12 pages to runoff. ZLNLOOOOOOOOOOOKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK 7. Cultural eutrophication can be reduced or prevented by banning or limiting phosphates in detergents & using advanced treatment methods to remove nitrates & phosphates from wastewater, & by use of soil conservation to reduce runoff. 1. The Great Lakes contain about 95% of the fresh surface water in the United States, & one-fifth of the world’s fresh surface water

Biography of River

1141 words - 5 pages of great importance to the history of the whole region, from the Great Lakes Region to Egypt. Additionally, the Nile basin, the ancient birthplace of astronomy, has during the last century or so witnessed an enormous amount of research on hydrology and climate, of relevance to river basin studies in general. In a situation where the growing water crisis in the world has become familiar to all, and international organisations have issued


596 words - 3 pages . Raymond Furon could not believe his finds when he tested a river used by a reservation as a main source of water and food. "Radioactive toxic waste were traced in lakes and rivers that Native Americans depend on" (79). Another dangerous cause is oil. Oil, such as that spilled by transport ships, has been dumped into the water since the US Civil War. Henry Gilfond had astonishing statistics on oil spills. "Every year, between 1 and 10 billion tons of

Environmental Interupstions

1312 words - 6 pages Northwest   7. Before 1993, the U.S. Forest Service sold timber-cutting rights  A. only to foreign investors. B. at below cost. C. at a high profit. D. only in old-growth forests.   8. One of the major resources of the Great Lakes and Northeast is  A. coal mining. B. old-growth. C. water transport. D. cash crops.   9. There a conflict between the desire to preserve wilderness and livestock management in the _____________.  A

Related Essays

Determining The Causes And Effects Of Water Pollution In Lake Huron

950 words - 4 pages Bertie Barfield ENG/115 Determining the Causes and Effects of Water Pollution in Lake Huron The Great Lakes, Lake Erie, Michigan, Huron, Superior, and Ontario, are our largest freshwater system. Lake Huron, like the other Great Lakes contain many species of wildlife, and is in danger of being polluted. This pollution is harmful to fish, wildlife stocks, and to the humans of this region. At the University of Mississippi, Latham, A

Groundwater Pollution And Drinking Water Scarcity

1343 words - 6 pages Ground water! What is it? Well it's basically self-explanatory and is any water that is held under ground. That is only a very simple definition of it though and well in fact ground water is very critical to every ones life locally and worldwide. Most of the water that you drink comes from ground water and not from lakes and rivers even though those are considered as a part of ground water components. Ground water has many components that it

Ecosystems Of Nw Indiana Essay

1584 words - 7 pages The area of Northwest Indiana and the Great Lakes is home to one of the world’s most incredible ecosystems. Carved out by glaciers during the last ice age, the Great Lakes contain nearly 20% of the earth's fresh water while the basin supports 1/10th the population of the USA and 1/4 of the population of Canada. The wealth of water and the glacially-sculpted landscape of the lake basin combine to support a tremendous abundance and diversity of

Keenjhar Lake In Peril! Essay

655 words - 3 pages KEENJHAR LAKE IN PERIL! The Keenjhar Lake is the biggest freshwater lake of the country. It is also called Kalri Lake. In the past it is formed by the blending of two Lakes, Sonehri and Keenjhar; through the construction of an embankment on their eastern side in 1950s. These two lakes came into being when the River Indus changed its way. The lake is a major supply of drinking water for Karachi, the residents around the