Gossip Column – John Stuart Mills
John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) was born in London, England and the eldest son of James Mill, a Scottish philosopher and historian. John Stuart Mill began academic career at an early age. Isolated from all the kids his own age he was guided and educated by his father. By the age of 14 he become well versed in both the languages of Greek and Latin; had studied mathematics, logic, world history, and mastered the basics of economic theory. Under the control of his father James Mill, his goal to make his son the leader of the “philosophical radicals1” was all falling into place. In 1823, his father secured him a position working a junior chief position for him in the East India Company. John soon rose to the top and took over his father’s position as chief examiner.
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Soon both became very intimate and kept a close relationship with her. After waiting two year for Mrs. Taylor’s husband’s death she got remarried to Mill in 1851. Harriet influenced a lot of Mills work for the rest of his life. She helped him discover of individuality in both women and men and utilitarianism3, which went against his father’s ways.
Unfortunately, during a trip to Europe Harriet became very ill and passed away. This grief made it unbearable for Mill, as he refused move away from her grave. This eventually turned around and Harriet became his inspiration to write many of his major books.
A System of Logic released in 4 editions that appeared from 1843-1872. These were Mill’s most philosophical works that justified his political and moral beliefs. This led him to publish On Liberty and Utilitarianism, which released in 1859 and 1861 recognized as his two best-known works on moral philosophy.
John Stuart Mills’s known as the most influential English-speaking British philosopher, economist, and administrator of the nineteenth century. His philosophies shaped and improved mankind. Mill passed away in 1873 and was buried beside his wife.
1- Philosophical radicals were a group in the 19th century who was inspired by the ideas of Jeremy Bentham. (He opposed the idea of natural law and rights, and that women had no rights.)
2- William Wordsworth was a romantic poet that helped John Stuart Mill to get out of his depression.
3- Utilitarianism – is a course of action that maximizes overall happiness. John Stuart Mill played a key role promoting human rights and bringing down his father philosophy
John Mill. (2012). Biography.com. Retrieved September 23, 2012from http://www.biography.com/people/john-stuart-mill-9408210
Wilson, Fred. (2007). John Stuart Mill. Retrieved September 23, 2012 from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/mill/#Bib