Globalization Essay

1324 words - 6 pages

Globalization essentially is the growth of an industry to a world wide scale. Globalization is seen in several varying ways. Many tend to believe that expanding the political, economic, and cultural spectrums of the world will essentially lead the masses in to an enlightened future. However, there are many counter arguments that portray globalization as a greedy power hungry mechanism used to exploit poor and undeveloped countries. The effects of globalization are both long term and lethal and should be counteracted immediately.
Globalization is often seen as a way to expand cultural diversity. Over the years globalization has become a sort of window in to other cultures by exchanging ...view middle of the document...

” (103). Unfortunately, by expanding the global market, cheaper ways of making consumer goods like sweatshops and outsourcing are now present in under developed countries.
Due to the expanding global system, unhealthy competitions in the work environment are emerging. Many white collar workers from around the world are losing their jobs to cheaper labor forces in foreign countries (The Future of Outsourcing par. 6) Along with the idea of labor exploitation, children and prisoners are being forced to work in inhumane conditions in order to produce cheap consumer products for other countries. Dr. Jody Heymann, professor at the Harvard School of Public Health conducted a study that showed that thirty-five percent of all children affected by globalization suffer from developmental or behavioral issues. (Globalization: Children… par. 8) An increase in sweatshops with awful working conditions have been observed all over the world as well, exposing entire families to horrible working conditions while performing deadly tasks every day for low wages. As Radley Balko states "In a village in the Mekong delta in Vietnam a woman and her twelve-year old daughter sit all day in the shade from five in the morning until five in the evening making straw beach mats. For their labour they receive $1 a day." (Balko par. 1)
The environment is directly affected by globalization, with increased industry and emissions. The increase in global markets calls for the increase in global transportation which in turn increases the need for fossil fuels for airplanes, cars, and ships. A dinner plate full of ingredients on the average American table has travelled an estimated 1,500 miles before reaching its final destination (Issues in a Nutshell par. 3). Bigger and better infrastructures are fantastic for big corporations but for the surrounding areas, there is no hope. New pipelines, oilfields, seaports, airports, and highways all come with new corporations. Larger corporations also take advantage of relaxed environmental laws in undeveloped countries in order to save money on energy efficient alternatives. In the same sense natural resources such as water are decreasing rapidly or being poisoned with emissions from large scale factories.
Deforestation on behalf of fast food industries are also creating huge environmental issues for the entire world. Industrial agriculture is said to produce cheaper efficient foods however, these claims are not true. Corporations often take small farms and make them commercial, expanding them into huge industrial farms that eventually force small farmers and their families off their land and into crowded cities. Mass farming also leads to depletion in soil nutrients and the microscopic life that benefits the land. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations admits that “the world has already lost up to 75 percent of its crop diversity because of the globalization of industrialized agriculture.” (Globalization...

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