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Globalization Essay

2883 words - 12 pages

We should automate all the mills and factory that are government owned.

Bangladesh is a democratic republic with a parliamentary form of government. Bangladesh remains a developing country with poor infrastructure. Occupationally, 75 percent of the civilian labor force, which is currently estimated at 56 million, is directly or indirectly engaged in agriculture. Only 12 percent is engaged in industry. Unemployment is estimated at around 18.5 percent. In terms of age structure, it is more youthful than in the western countries. Heavy pressure of population on scarce land has no doubt created an extremely unfavorable land-man ratio. The GDP of Bangladesh is total $258.608 ...view middle of the document...

All these are impediments in the introduction of new technology. The third world country totally depends on the manpower. The unemployment has been produced by poor planning and by the same forces of automation. Such will be the future misery of the world. Few jobs, many accusations, social unrest, much devastation, eventual social reconstruction


Automate or die is the slogan of many producers all over the World. Increased productivity, reduced cost, better quality, elimination of wastage and inefficiency etc these are the essential requirements for any owner of an Industrial establishment but certain problems created by the automation which can be costly for the developing countries like Bangladesh and should not be taken for granted. These problems are:
Heavy capital investment:
Automation involves higher capital outlay, and the consequential problems of the cost of capital, depreciation power consumption, etc. Automation is therefore, a luxury for small firms. Bangladesh is a third country where large capital investment is expensive for them because they have to depend on the foreign aid.
Displacement of labor:
In spite of assurances to the contrary, automation does not result in worker replacement, and often in management replacement as well. Workers in unions oppose the move for automation. The LIC installed five computers successfully. The Trade Unions installed one of the computers in the Bombay office .The Trade Unions also saw to it that no LIC employee was retrenched because of the automation .They are still unhappy due to the installment of the Computer in the Bombay office, due to which ,future employee opportunities have been closed in that office. Large number of people in Bangladesh is unemployment. Therefore if the automation are introduced than additional large number of unemployment people will be added.
Long time is needed to implement:
To introduce automation in the factory long period of time are needed. Automation cannot be done single day or within a month. It needed plan and it have to introduce through several stages in order to avoid error.
Benefit of employee suggestion lost:
Labor being displaced, the benefit of suggestions from employees is lost .This is an irreparable loss to the management.
Tighter specification may be needed:
In an un-automated factory, when there are slight deviations from the specifications of the materials that have been received, workers are still able to use them after making minor adjustments. This can never be done in an automated plant because machines are not as flexible as human beings .Inevitably; increasingly automation will bring demands on suppliers to adhere more rigidly to specifications .This may raise the costs of purchased materials slightly. It may also increase the probability of supply failure due to poor quality
Shortage of knowledge:
When it comes to the usage of automated systems is that automation itself is only limited...

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