Global Crime Analysis Paper
October 20, 2013
Global crimes transcend national borders and threaten American citizens and communities, businesses, and institutions, as well as global security and stability. The classification of global crimes can be categorized according to if the behavior is international and constitutes a crime against the world, or if the act is transnational that affects the interests of more than one state (Global Solutions, n.d.). The contents of this essay will identify the various major global crimes and criminal issues that have a global impact on national and international justice systems and processes. In addition, the text ...view middle of the document...
A cybercrime is “the unauthorized use of computer technology to manipulate critical user data” (Oak, n.d., para 1). Cybercrimes include spamming, hacking, credit fraud, cyber-bullying, piracy, cyber-terrorism, identity theft, and even drug trafficking.
Environmental crime is the act of causing harm to the global environment and consists of two types, such things as wildlife crime and pollution crime. The wildlife crime involves the illegal use of the world’s wild animals whereas pollution crime is exchanging and discarding hazardous wastes or resources (Interpol, 2012). Terrorism is mainly a mental act that corresponds through a violent act against another country or against another group is their attempt to call attention to a particular problem that the terrorist group believes is a nuisance to society. For decades, the United States has been significantly a part in creating an enduring international system of justice that is consistent with the American philosophy of impartiality, responsibility, and equality. Currently, most people who commit international criminal acts are indicted in international tribunals and progressively, in the International Criminal Court. Other international criminal justice systems include International Court of Justice, and International Criminal Tribunals and Special Courts (Global Solutions, n.d.). The authority and operation of the International Criminal Court (ICC) are administered by the Rome Statute. The ICC is a last resort court that adjudicates people accused of the most serious international crimes, such as genocide, crimes against humanity, slavery, torture, aggression, and war crimes. Terrorism may fall under the jurisdiction of the ICC, depending on the severity of the terrorist act. The ICC will not proceed if a case is under investigation or prosecution by a national judicial system except if the national procedures are not legitimate (International Criminal Court, n.d.). The Charter of the United Nations established the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in June 1945 as the primary judicial agency of the United Nations (UN). The role of the International Court of Justice is to resolve legal conflicts submitted by states disputes and to provide recommended opinions on legal inquiries referred by official United Nations agencies and specialized agencies according to international law (International Court of Justice, n.d.).
As an additional court to prosecute international crimes, International Criminal Tribunals and special courts were formulated as a component of an international attempt to adjudicate someone for crimes under international law. In addition, the authority may be restricted to particular period’s equivalent specifically to strong periods of disagreement or conflict involving the widespread abuse of human rights (International Justice Resource Center, 2011). The International Criminal Tribunals and special courts handle global crimes, such as organized crime...