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Global Business And Ethics Essay

1631 words - 7 pages

University of PhoenixGlobal Business and EthicsGlobal Business and EthicsNavegando por las fronteras entre el bien y el mal puede resultar difícil para las empresas que operan en distintas naciones y culturas. La ética es esencial para el desarrollo económico. El campo de la ética, también llamada filosofía moral, implica la sistematización, la defensa, y la recomendación de los conceptos del comportamiento correcto y lo incorrecto. La ética empresarial es el estudio y la evaluación de la toma de decisiones de las empresas con arreglo a conceptos y juicios morales. Dudas sobre ética son consideradas desde la ...view middle of the document...

Enron es la historia de la mayor quiebra bancaria en la historia de Estados Unidos. Dicha quiebre le costó a miles de empleados sus puestos de trabajo y su retiro. Enron, a través de una variedad de engaños financieros relacionados a asociaciones, inflaron sus ganancias y redujeron sus deudas. Engañaron sus empleados, inversionistas y público en general sobre la situación financiera de la empresa. Una vez que las "asociaciones fuera de los libros" fueron expuestas, el teatro culmino, y las acciones de Enron desplomaron de casi 80 dólares a menos de 1 dólar por acción. Ejecutivos de Enron hurtaron millones a través de dichas asociaciones y las ventas de las acciones antes de que su valor cayera, mientras que los empleados de Enron perdieron gran parte de su jubilación y los inversionistas perdieron millones (info@alternet.org).Arthur Anderson era una empresa que durante su historia contaba con confianza y obediencia. Sus acciones terminaron con 90 años de trabajo como auditores. Anderson se fue a juste igual que Enron. Su condena por delito mayor fue por obstruir en la investigación federal de Enron Corp. destruyendo todos los documentes de auditoría. Enron le costó Anderson su práctica. En la década de 1990, la empresa le dio más valor al dinero que le ofrecían los negocios deshonestos que el valor a lo que fue en un momento dado correcto. Anderson despidió a contables que no se sometían a sus prácticas deshonestas, y los remplazo por los que si estaban de acuerdo con las nuevas directrices. Como resultado Anderson decayó junto que Enron.En la era de la globalización, hay distintos lugares confiables en que los inversores pueden escoger para maximizar sus ganancias. Un país corrupto pierde la oportunidad de contar con las inversiones a largo plazo, las cuales pueden resultar más beneficiosas para las sociedades en desarrollo, eliminando la oportunidad de mejorar los sistemas sociales y la vida de los ciudadanos cotidianos. Los negocios globales tienen una responsabilidad en ayudar a poner fin a este ciclo. Cuando las multinacionales optan por operar dentro del sistema de un país corrupto, no deben dejarse llevar. Aceptar el soborno significa asumir que los sobornistas tienen el poder siempre, el que lo acepta siempre tendrá la manera de conseguir dinero fácil. Los administradores públicos corruptos quebrantan el sistema que ha de operar en una ciudad o lugar libre. Cuando una burocracia o partido político o un sistema jurídico se contaminan, los resultados pueden sacudir los cimientos hasta las naciones más avanzadas. Por ejemplo, en Italia, en los años posteriores a la Segunda Guerra Mundial, los pagos a los partidos políticos comenzaron a cinco por ciento del precio de los contratos del gobierno. El...

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