Geographic and environmental factors have a momentous impact on the development
of trade and migration systems. Those systems and migration patterns lead to correlations
among diverse people and their cultures. Therefore, geography and resources have an
influence on the growth and relations between societies. Two of the most significant
geographical and environmental factors that have led to the development and expansion of the
United States is the growth of industry after the Civil War, and the abundance of agriculture.
After the Civil War, the population in the United Sates more than doubled and industrial
growth was also rapid because of the large quantity of natural ...view middle of the document...
the recognition of fertile ground and rich soil in the States, farmers then formed irrigation
systems. The Homestead Act in 1862 allowed 160 acres in the western territories free to
anyone who settled on it for 5 years and pronounced to become a citizen. The effects on
American agriculture were tremendous. Once the products were abundant, the Railroad Act of
1862 paved the way for a transcontinental rail way and generated prospects for settlers by
allowing them to transport goods. The railroads were also used for the transportation of people
and by 1869, a railroad system stretched across the continent. After the Railroad Act and the
Homestead Act, the geography of the nation had changed. With only 21 states declared to the
union by 1861, the Homestead Act promoted development in the West. Farms generated the
need for labor and railroads generated the opportunity for farmers to both buy and sell their
goods, which changed the shape of America.
Mesopotamia had a significant impact on the development of human societies.
Mesopotamia is the word for “land between rivers”. The two rivers are the Tigris and the
Euphrates and this physical geographic factor contributed to the development of the
Mesopotamian society. The availability of plant life and animals on this land were due to the
fertile soils and the easy access to irrigation. Herds of animals were drawn to the rivers for
drinking and grazing and these animals were easily domesticated....