Community Health and Population Focused Nursing
Western Governor’s University
Identification of Community
The city of Gilbert, AZ lies southeast of the metropolitan area of Phoenix, AZ. Gilbert has
a population of 229,972 residents. The city of Gilbert is in the county of Maricopa. Land area is
43 square miles with approximately 5,354 residents per square mile. The metro area of Phoenix,
AZ (including Gilbert and it’s other suburban areas) is known for the hot desert climate. Average
temperatures are 80-100 degrees, with greater than 300 days per year of sunshine. With less
than 10” rainfall annually, the area is considered to be arid.
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Approximately 5% of the Gilbert population is unemployed. There are seven institutions of
higher learning located nearby.
59.5% of residents over the age of 15 are married. 27.3% have never been married.
9.1% are divorced. Separated and widowed citizens comprise 4.1% of the population.
There are three hospitals in Gilbert, one hospice company, two home health companies,
three dialysis companies, and one physical therapy company.
The median household income in Gilbert is above state average, unemployed
percentage is below state average, length of stay since moving in is below state average, house
age below state average, and the percentage of population with a bachelor’s degree or higher is
significantly above the state average, making Gilbert a young, upwardly mobile community that
is a great place to live and enjoys a higher standard of living and good health overall. The
homeless population in Gilbert, AZ is very low.
Air quality in Gilbert is good. The City of Phoenix and Maricopa County do not fare as
well, however. Statistic brain reports that Phoenix is at Number 8 of major American cities with
the worst air pollution. Water quality in the City of Gilbert is good presently, but has been cited
for deficiencies in the past, according to the Gilbert City website.
Neighborhood /Community Safety Inventory
According to FBI statistics, the city of Gilbert, AZ is rated as the safest city in the
State of Arizona. Gilbert boasts a well-funded and active police and fire department.
Neighborhood watch programs are in effect in many neighborhoods in the community. Since the
weather is very temperate, many citizens spend large amounts of time outdoors in parks, dog
parks, playing sports, swimming, playing tennis and other recreational activities, thus having the
ability to “keep an eye” on their own property, as well as others’ property. Teenagers have access
to many community pools, parks and recreation centers to keep them from loitering in
neighborhoods. There are many teens in the community, but the teenage crime rate is low.
Gilbert’s highways, streets and sidewalks are in good repair. Much of the community is
comprised of newer buildings, with the exception of “old” town, the original downtown of
Gilbert, dating back to the early 1900’s when Gilbert was a predominantly agricultural
community. There is still much agricultural activity in Gilbert, as well as new businesses and
The population of Gilbert is predominantly Caucasian and upper middle class. The
problems that poverty brings are not present in the town of Gilbert. There is low unemployment
and most of the population enjoys a lifestyle that includes movies, eating out, shopping, etc.
Those that do live in the community that live around or below the poverty line still have good
access to healthcare and adequate supplies of food, with Gilbert being an agricultural
The city of Gilbert is...