The creation of a nazi mass movement
In july 1932 the nazi gained 13,745,000 votes and their voters represented 37.3% of the electorate, making hitlers party the largest in the Reichstag. The results of the elections 1928-32 showed the changes in political parties. It was clear that the Nazis made gains from parties with a middle class/protestant identity. Catholic, communist and social democrat parties were able to withstand the Nazi advances.
Geography and denomination
Nazi support was higher in the North and east of the country and lower in the south and west. Across the North German plain from east Prussia to Schleswig Holstein, the Nazis gained their best results and reflects the ...view middle of the document...
Socialists had the tarde union structure and catholics had the church hierarchy. Finally both movements had suffered under the imperial german regime and persecution strengthened their commitment. So it was harder for the Nazis to break down the established loyalties of the working class and catholic communities and their traditions remained strong. The protestants and middle class had no loyalties.
The politics of anxiety.
Nazi voters had a lack of faith in the Weimar republic. They believed that their traditional role and status in society was under threat. For many middle class the crisis of 1929-1933 was the climax of series of disasters since 1918. Hitler was able to exploit what is known as the politics of anxiety. Hitler seemed able to offer to many germans an escape from overwhelming crisis a return to former days.
Depression hit when the pre war baby boom came of age and however good qualifications they had, it was unlikely they would be able to find work. 41.3% who joined before 1933 were born between 1904 and 1913, but this age group only represented 25.3% of the total population. 61% of youngsters aged between 20-30 joined the nazi party. They saw Nazism as a chance for change. And the SA activities gave them something to do.
Nazism- peoples party
Nazis boasted a cross section of supporters than any other party. Nazis were not limited by regional,religious or class ties. !932 the NSDAP had become Germanys first peoples party. Only became a mass party by making inroads into the working class vote. Hitler succeeded to appeal to all sections of society but mainly middle class and protestant regions.
Nazi political methods
Propaganda- played a vital part in nazi success. It was highly organised. April 1930 Joseph Goebbels was promoted and put in charge of propaganda. Information and instructions could be sent out from party headquarters and adapted to local circumstances. It allowed the party to target its money and effort in the key electoral districts and encouraged feedback fro, the grass roots so effective ideas could be used elsewhere.
Posters and leaflets were often used but Goebbels initiated a new approach. He practised mass politics on a grand scale. The electorate was deluged with material that used many propaganda techniques. He showed subtly and as understanding of psychology. He recognised the need to direct propaganda according to people social and economic interests. Leaflets were produced for different social groups, and nazi speakers paid attention to the worries and concerns of individual clubs and societies. Nazi propaganda was tailored to fit a whole range of people. They appealed to farmers by...