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"Germany Was To Blame For Starting World War One" Discuss

1979 words - 8 pages

[note: Though initially this was an in class essay, not a single piece of text has been changed and take note that the score was based on an in class essay rather than an out of class one as to properly asses the standard of this essay]Over the many decades since World War One has ended, there have been many arguments over who was to blame for starting what was then known as the Great War. One of the main arguments seems to be over the extent of Germany’s involvement and whether they were the only culprit in starting the war. Stewart Ross, in the book Causes and Consequences of the First World War, claims that “It seemed as if the allies post war view – that Germany had ...view middle of the document...

Germany was unified on the eighteenth of January, eighteen seventy-one, which occurred after the defeat of France in the Franco-Prussian war, by Bismark, who was then the chancellor of Prussia. This sudden uplifting of a new empire caused the balance of power to be upset as it’s original terms did not include a unified Germany.The Industrial Revolution, which had occurred many years beforehand, increased the demand of manufacturing for both Britain and France, and as they would be unable to expand their territories within Europe, the only option was to expand their settlements in foreign continents, such as Africa. Britain and France were both brilliant examples of imperialists, Britain especially, when Germany’s interest was sparked for such a direction with the ascension of Kaiser Wilhelm the second to the throne of Germany. Wilhelm created a scheme known as Welt-Politik, which consisted of the plan to expand the German empire. By the end of the century Germany had acquired Kiachow-China, West Samoa and three tacts of Africa.As a consequence of Germany’s aspirations there were several conflicts between itself and Britain and France, one of the more well known ones being the Moroccan crisis. This even began in nineteen hundred and five when France was making plans to acquire Morocco as one of it’s settlements, Germany intervened saying that Morocco deserved to be an independent country and it’s Sultan, an independent leader. There has been much speculation over the issue, some researchers of the subject saying that Germany’s true intent was to test and/or destroy the bonds between Britain and France that were formed in nineteen hundred and four with the Entente Cordial, with Germany believing that Britain would abandon France. If this were true then Germany would have been horrified when Britain decided to support France on the issue.A second crisis occurred in nineteen eleven, which was set off by the evens of nineteen hundred and five, when France broke an agreement between itself and Germany and acquired the harbour city of Agadir. In retaliation to this the Germans sent out a gunboat to patrol near this town to which Britain, who were still firmly behind France, responded by readying their navy for the support of France. With tis in mind Germany and France came to an agreement that ended up with Germany being given a part of French Africa and France gaining control of Morocco. Through these imperialist based crisis’ it can be seen that Germany was not the only one to start conflict and that France had also do their fair share.For a juncture of time the Ottoman Empire had been in decline, often being referred to as “the sick man of Europe”. With this weakening, many parts of the Ottoman Empire broke away from it, including the Balkan States, who were given the chance for independence, but at the same time they were left vulnerable to the Great Powers who saw this as a chance to expand their...

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