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George Orwell's Totalitarian State Of Oceania

976 words - 4 pages

Research PaperIn recent decades, critics of American society have often attacked its materialistic aspect; Americans are portrayed as superficial and shallow. However, as history and literature demonstrate, immediate impressions are not always true. The way things appear may not be how they truly are because the positives have overshadowed the bad, an aspect may have been hidden, or the viewers may have be blinded to the truth.The Gilded Age, in the late 1800's, reflects a period where advancements ousted the social injustices from the public eye. The period seemed productive and prosperous; advancements in technology and industrialization were the image presented to the public. However, in ...view middle of the document...

For instance, the media never reports on the "twenty or thirty [rocket bombs] a week falling on London, but rather inundates peoples' lives with good news about victories. Winston's telescreen announces, "Our forces in South India have won a glorious victory. I am authorised to say that the action we are now reporting may well bring the war within measurable distance of its end. Similar reports follow throughout the entire novel, constantly celebrating the capture of enemies and the conquering of new territories, but never admitting any kind of defeat.In many ways, the media is relying on the principle that a piece of information that is repeated often enough becomes accepted as truth. Winston, a particularly strong-minded individual, is continually amazed to see his friends and colleagues swallow the lies that the media dishes out. For this form of brainwashing to be effective, "you just say things frequently and people eventually understand and say it themselves". This brainwashing is done through the words of the telescreens, newspapers and magazines.The media is skilled at engineering 'truth' through language, and one of the most disturbing consequence of this developed in the novel is that the Party has ultimate control over history. After all, language is the link to history. Winston's job in the Ministry of Truth is to modify news items and other documents that in one way or another make the Party look bad. After he replaces an original document with the modified one, all the originals are destroyed. Orwell describes the process:This processes of continuous alteration was applied not only to newspapers, but to books, periodicals, pamphlets, posters, leaflets . . . Day by day and almost minute by minute the past was brought up to...

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