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Genetically Modified Organisms (Gdos) Essay

4675 words - 19 pages

CONTENTS1TABLE OF CONTENTSABSTRACT 21. INTRODUCTION 31.1. Background of Genetically Modified Organisms 31.2. Definition of Key Terms 41.3. Purpose of the Report 41.4. Thesis Statement 42. METHODOLOGY 52.1. Direct Methods 52.2. Indirect Methods 53. FINDINGS and ANALYSIS 63.1. Understanding GMOs and Their Use 63.1.1. Specifications of GMOs 63.1.2. Uses of GMOs 73.1.3. Contained Use 83.2. Why GMOs are Different and Regulations for Them 93.2.1. The Reasons for Genetically Modified Organisms' being Different 93.2.2. Reasons to Control Regulations about GMOs 113.3. Debate on Genetically Modified Organisms and Their Future 113.3.1. Main Issues in the GMO Debate 113.3.2. GMOs and Scientific ...view middle of the document...

The biodiversity debate is at the forefront of the larger question of how humanity can, in an integrated, congruent way, address human livelihoods, while at the same time fulfilling its international mandates to conserve and sustainably use the environment (Young, 2004, p.4). In this study, we will try to examine genetically modified organisms by a deep analysis with a wide range of examples.1. INTRODUCTION1.1. Background of Genetically Modified OrganismsAll living organisms - animals, plants and microorganisms (such as bacteria or fungi) - carry copies of all their genes in their cells. Those genes hold the information that determines the organism's particular form and function. Specific characteristics of an organism may be linked to particular genes or combinations of genes. Genetically modified organisms (GMOs), therefore, are organisms whose genes have been artificially altered to modify their characteristics in some way or other. In other ways, genetically modified organisms (GMOs) can be defined as organisms in which the genetic material (DNA) has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally. "The technology is often called "modern biotechnology" or "gene technology", sometimes also "recombinant DNA technology" or "genetic engineering". It allows selected individual genes to be transferred from one organism into another, also between non-related species" (Zarrilli, 2004).Genetic modification (GM) occurs where the genetic material of an organism (either DNA or RNA) is altered by use of a method that does not occur in nature and the modification can be replicated and/or transferred to other cells or organisms. Typically, GM involves the removal of DNA, its manipulation outside the cell and reinsertion into the same or another organism. The aim of GM is often to introduce a new or altered characteristic to the target organism.For example, Parekh stated that "medicinal products such as insulin, blood factor and human growth hormone, were formerly produced from humans and animals and some carried a slight risk of transmitting disease" (Parekh, 2004, pp.54-61). Now, with the use of genetic modification (GM) technology, pure and safe equivalents can be produced using GMOs.1.2. Definition of Key TermsGene is the functional and physical units of heredity passed from parent to offspring, genes are pieces of DNA stored in the cell nucleus. They are the recipes for making proteins. Each gene consists of several thousand code words. Each person's cells contain the same unique and complete set of genes (Parekh, 2004).Genetics is the field of science that looks at how traits are passed down from one generation to another, through the genes (Parekh, 2004).Genetic engineering is the artificial introduction of changes to the genes in a cell (Parekh, 2004).GMO is an organism whose genetic make-up has been changed by any method, including natural processes, genetic engineering, cloning or mutagenesis (Parekh, 2004).1.3. Purpose of the ReportThis...

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