This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Genetic Modified Organism Essay

979 words - 4 pages

Institution Affiliation;

Instructor:

Course:

Date:
Introduction
According to Ammannati (2012) Genetically Modified Organisms are organisms whose genetic composition has been altered in order to suit some conditions. The undertaking is done through extensive research on specific organisms such as bacteria, insects, fish, plants as well as animals. The Genome of these organisms is altered to achieve production and or pharmaceutical goals. Although the field has had some criticisms over the years since its inception, it has proved to be very helpful in the production of food materials, experimental medicine and gene therapy, development of hybrid agricultural products such as hybrid ...view middle of the document...

The second scenario is that the DNA can be Transcribed and Translated simultaneously, therefore, leading to expression of the foreign DNA since translation triggers production of the Recombinant protein. Organisms possessing a recombinant gene will therefore exhibit normal phenotypic characteristics. The method is used by scientists to study the behavior and function of certain genes. A major application of this field of genetic engineering include Biotechnology, Medicine such as the production of Insulin (Delpeuch, 2009).The major application, however, is scientific research.
The second genetic engineering method, Reproductive cloning, involves the production of a genetic duplicate of a chosen living organism. It utilizes a technique called Somatic Cell Nucleus transfer. Nuclei obtained from these cells is cultured in a conducive medium to develop into an embryo that can be planted into a living organism’s uterus to develop into a replica of the organism. The other alternative is to put the resultant Clonal Embryo into a life-supporting machine where the development of the embryo is carefully monitored. The range of the organism that have been subjected to the kind of research include plants such as tomatoes, animals as the case of the popular Billy goat. The field has extended in the recent years to touch on human beings. This has produced many controversies on the ethical issues surrounding interfering with the genetic composition of human beings.
Surprisingly, Genetically Modified foods are very common today in retail shops as well as supermarkets. The safety precautions surrounding the consumption of such foods, however, lies on the consumer. Among the many products sold with genetically engineered contents include: whole grain cereals, Ketchup that contains Lycopene to act as an oxidant, Omega 3s in eggs, Soy, Food sweeteners, Canola oil, spreads as well as Sauces. Other GM products sold in supermarkets include groceries such as greens, Tomatoes and fruits. The fact that GMO foods are obtained from genetically modified plants rather than the normal plants makes the consumption of the latter be surrounded by multiple...

Other Papers Like Genetic Modified Organism

Genetic Engineering Essay

1512 words - 7 pages most common form of genetic engineering involves the insertion of new genetic material, containing desirable traits, into the genome of a host to induce expression of these traits. The resulting organisms produced by this genetic modification technique are called genetically modified organism (GMOs). Despite common belief genetically modified organisms have been around for decades. The first genetically modified organism was the simple bacterium

Genetically Modified Food Essay

1101 words - 5 pages Peter Rasla ENG 102 Michele Mohr April 17, 2012 Genetically Modified Food The field of biotechnology and genetic engineering has been gradually improved, and the bioengineer could make a huge difference in our life by modifying the crops that we need. Genetically modified food could solve many problems to humans such as, cultivating new crops with new characteristics

Gmo Informative Essay

555 words - 3 pages Say No to GMO More than 60-percent of the food an average American eats contains one or more GMO. A genetically modified organism, or a GMO, is any organism that has been altered by genetic engineering. This is the process of manually adding new DNA to an organism. GMOs are unnatural and have negative impacts on our environment and well-being. The elimination of these artificial organisms could aid in the growth of a more organic world. Today

Biology and Technology in the Real World

922 words - 4 pages GMOS GMOs, or genetically modified organisms, have been around for about 40 years now. A genetically modified organism is a plant or animal whose genes or “DNA” have been modified in such a way that the product is not naturally found in nature or through natural cross-breeding. Traditionally, the genes with the desired characteristic are introduced to the genes of the plant/animal that is being genetically modified. This results in a plant

Genetic Engineering: the Key to a Better World

1343 words - 6 pages out what makes them so virulent. A secondary but no less important benefit to the study of these viruses is the ability to determine viral reproductive methods. Access to this information allows researchers to develop drugs that are effective against viruses that carry specific genetic markers, as well as developing vectors for gene therapy. A vector is the agent that allows for introduction of new genetic code into an organism. This application

Genetically Modified Foods

807 words - 4 pages How are foods modified?Genetically modified foods (GMF) are foods which have had their DNA altered to enhance desired traits or improve nutritional content by means of genetic engineering. About two thirds of food on the supermarket shelf are either genetically modified or contain genetically modified ingredients, creating various moral issues and dilemmas.Modern techniques of producing GMF include taking copies from the cells of a plant or

Genetically Modified Organisms (GDOS)

4675 words - 19 pages their characteristics in some way or other. In other ways, genetically modified organisms (GMOs) can be defined as organisms in which the genetic material (DNA) has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally. "The technology is often called "modern biotechnology" or "gene technology", sometimes also "recombinant DNA technology" or "genetic engineering". It allows selected individual genes to be transferred from one organism into another

Biotechnology - What it is?

1640 words - 7 pages biotechnology is genetic engineering. Genetic engineering is the process of transferring individual genes between organisms or modifying the genes in an organism to remove or add a desired trait or characteristic. Examples of genetic engineering are described later in this document. Through genetic engineering, genetically modified crops or organisms are formed. These GM crops or GMOs are used to produce biotech-derived foods. It is this

Processed Foods

833 words - 4 pages Genetically modified foods are quite prevalent in the United States, in fact its quite difficult finding something on the store shelves that’s NOT genetically modified. Since most all corn, cotton and soybeans in the United States are genetically modified all products arising from them and those coming processed with canola oil are also genetically modified. (Millstone and Lang, 2008; Black, 2010). Genetic Modification (GM) occurs when the

Biology GM Foods

1122 words - 5 pages Biology essay: The advantages and disadvantages of genetically modified foodFor thousands of years we temped with genes of plants by traditional breeding, but only within the same species. Genetic modified food start to take place all over the world in the 20th century. This is the movement of genetic material from one organism to another but the type of organism does not have to be the same, which means that it could be a movement from a gene

Transgenesis and Selective Breeding

1529 words - 7 pages method of gene modification, it involves the insertion of a gene from one species into a living organism, the genes may be transferred from within the same species or come from a entirely different species, transgenesis allows traits to be introduced that are not present in the species naturally. In the case of transgenic cows, scientists create transgenic cows by altering their genome and manipulate their genetic material by artificial methods

Related Essays

Presentation Speech

699 words - 3 pages selected plants, animals, and microorganisms are bred to produce the desired traits, but the genetic modification allows scientists to speed this process up by moving desired genes from one organism to another (Heit (2012).  The organisms that are selected for the genetic modification are organisms that exhibit a variety of different traits and then these organisms are bred  The most common genetically modified organisms are plants. 3rd

Biology Gene Technology Essay

1214 words - 5 pages new genes from one species into a completely unrelated species through genetic engineering, optimizing agricultural performance or facilitating the production of valuable pharmaceutical substances. Some examples of genetically modified organisms are plants, animals and bacteria. Genetically modified organisms are all organism that has had a gene from one organism implanted into another organism in order to improve or change the genetic makeup of

Genetic Engineering Essay

791 words - 4 pages engineering will also provide useful knowledge and solve very important problem for future generations. Overall, the advantages of using genetic engineering clearly outweigh the disadvantages.Genetic engineering is a laboratory technique used by scientists to change the DNA of living organisms. DNA is the blueprint for the individuality of an organism. The organism relies upon the information stored in its DNA for the management of every biochemical

Gene Technology Essay

767 words - 4 pages Gene Technology Nelly Solorzano Strayer University SCI115008VA016-1158-001 Intro to Biology Kerry Lee November 29, 2015 Gene Technology Biological basis - Genetic engineering is a laboratory process by which an individual genome is purposely modified. With genetic engineering a gene from one species can be transferred to another and produce an organism that is transgenic or a gene can be altered and reinserted into an individual of