Genetic Engineering Food And Animals Essay

1445 words - 6 pages

Genetic EngineeringThroughout history, there have been many issues over genetically engineering our food that we eat on an everyday basis. World exploration did not exist until the 1500s because the world was thought to be flat. History shows us that technology is not a bad thing, but a way to make life easier. Genetic engineering is one of these ways. Genetic Engineering is capable of producing crops in third-world countries for literally pennies, curing serious genetic flaws in people, or even before they are born. Genetic engineering is a science that will be a standard in the future. The FDA and the government seem to be holding back the research of Genetic engineered food. This will ...view middle of the document...

But soon plants might not have to worry as much since the genes of plants are being altered constantly. For example, tomatoes are sensitive to frost. This shortens their growing season. Fish, on the other hand, survive in very cold water. Scientists identified a particular gene which enables fish to resist the coldest temperatures in water and used the technology of genetic engineering to insert an anti-freezing gene into a tomato. This makes it possible to extend the growing season of the tomato and increasing the possibilities of survival on the tomato. People would think this is a good thing but for every positive change, their must be a downside also. For example, Insects, birds, and wind can carry genetically altered seeds into neighboring farmer’s fields. Pollen from transgenic plants can cross-pollinate with genetically natural crops. All crops, organic and non-organic would be vulnerable to contamination from this cross-pollination. And this threatens our entire food supply.There is even more danger for example, Genetic engineers uses antibiotic-resistance genes to mark genetically engineered cells. This means that genetically engineered crops contain genes which are resistance to antibiotics. These genes may be picked up by bacteria causing humans to possibly become affected. There is a lot to risks. Since scientist think only in increasing food growth, they forget who is more important, the consumers.Risk assessments are done on Genetic Engineered foods that come into circulation with the United States. But these risk assessments can be very complicated. Because even rigorous assessments involve numerous assumptions and judgment calls. These assumptions and judgment calls are often controversial when they are used to support particular government decisions. For example, the approval of the first genetically engineered squash by the United States Department of Agriculture involved a controversial risk assessment. It took months before they decided to release the squash into our food markets. But since then hundreds of Genetically Engineered foods have been approved.A lot of farmers have problems with crop damage mainly do to insects. Also viruses, bacteria, and rodents also take part in destroying crops. With gene splicing, these problems can be removed from a farmer's life completely. A good example is Genetically engineered corn. This is a result of a bacterial gene that has been inserted into a corn plant. The result is a protein that is lethal to corn’s pests, as well as a few other insects, but not to mammals. As it repels insects, the gene-spliced corn also lowers the levels of fumonisin, a dangerous fungal toxin that can lead to fatal diseases in horses and swine, and esophageal cancer in humans. Over three years ago, gene splicing biologists at the Australian National University unexpectedly transformed a rodent disease mousepox into a highly lethal pathogen that kills 60% of infected mice, even those immune to the...

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