In psychology, mind and body are considered as two parts of a human being that are tightly linked and therefore cannot consider them independently. Now psychologists have found that most of the physiological diseases are due to psychological factors. Stress in one such physiological factor which affects health. Psychologists define stress as the response to events that are challenging or threatening. All of us face stress in our lives. In daily life, we come across a series of such threatening or challenging events, and adapting to such events happens due to our instincts and occurs naturally. Yet, in cases of where stress is severe, the adaptation requires more effort, and ...view middle of the document...
Therefore, the body becomes vulnerable to a host of diseases.
If the stressor continues to develop, the person is moved into the second stage- resistance. At this stage, the person tries to cope up with the stress. The result could be successful or may ended up with a decrease of the level of psychological or physiological wellbeing. For example, the student who got low grades for his midterms, would study day and night, and would obtain good results for the next exam. This achievement may come at an expense of loss of sleep.
If the person resists to the stressor, he does not move to the next stage. If the person fails to resist to the stressor, he moves to the third stage- exhaustion. This is where the person starts to get effected by the negative consequences of stress: physical illnesses, psychological symptoms such as the inability to concentrate, heightened irritability and even loss of touch with reality.
Coping with Stress
Coping refers to the effort made to reduce or learn to tolerate the threats that lead to stress. Among the various methods of coping with stress, there a some unconscious strategies people use to reduce anxiety. Such strategies are...