Female Discrimination in China’s Enterprise’s Graduate Recruitment and Selection Practices: A Case Study.
1.1 Background of the topic and the research significance
According to China National Radio, more than 7,490,000 college students in China will graduate and enter the job market in 2015, which makes this year “the hardest job-hunting season ever for graduates”. In the overwhelming news coverage, media mainly focus on the largely increasing number of graduates, the contradiction between limited demand from job market and redundant labor supply and the status quo in job-hunting. Less attention is paid to female college students who are encountering ...view middle of the document...
In this sense, the inadequate investment to female is to the disadvantage of the progress of the whole society. In this context, to explore the elements behind female discrimination in China’s enterprise’s graduate recruitment and selection practices and to sort out solutions are of great importance.
1.1.2 The significance
Gender discrimination is a common thing happening in the whole world in different aspects of life. For example, only 14 countries have elected female leaders. (Catalyst 2012a) and a gender gap still exists even in most egalitarian countries. (Hausmann et al. 2012). Also, despite the advocate of gender equality, it is still an ongoing problem in the post Communist regions (Catalyst 2012b; Graff 2003). For example, in the EU, compared to other member states, the gender gap tends to be higher in post-Communist countries. (Hausmann et al.2012).
With the increasing awareness of the problems caused by gender discrimination, gender equality is a significant milestone in the progressing of social civilization. In 2000, the United Nations regarded promoting gender equality, empowering women and improving women’s health as important indicators measuring the development of the society. Under U.S. law, Title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits the discrimination of any employee based on gender.
In China, there has been a long-standing recognition that women hold a subordinate position in employment, arising from deeply entrenched values in Chinese society that have remained in influential through the communist era into the period of market-led reforms (Cooke 2001, 2005; Leung 2003). In the Outline Program for Development of Chinese Women and Children (2001-2010), China regard the rate of women participation in political life, educational level, employment rate, and development environment as important indicators in building a well-off society in an all-around way.
Gender discrimination may appear in different forms. While, in this paper, only the gender discrimination in the labor market will be discussed.
According to the research, the workplace discrimination continues to be an impediment to gender equality.(e.g.,Gorman 2005) previously, researchers link gender discrimination with cultural beliefs about men and women as well as institutionalized policies and practices in workplace organizations(Glick and Fiske 2007). Other scholarships (e.g.,Roth 2004; Hirth and Kornrich 2008) argues sex composition of the workplace may matter.
The gender equality in workplace is an important indicator of a harmonious society. The labor market is a big environment, enterprise’s female discrimination directly impact women status in the society and female graduates is an indispensable group in the female human resource. Thus, it is of great importance to explore female discrimination in China’s enterprises from the perspective of female graduates’ discrimination in recruitment and selection practice. The...