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Gardner's Multiple Intelligence Theory: Essay

2258 words - 10 pages

Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory:
A Reflection to a Personal Philosophy in Early Child Education
Sharon Stone
ECE 101
Professor Lawrence
July 4, 2011

Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory:

A Reflection to a Personal Philosophy in Early Child Education

"It is of the utmost importance that we recognize and nurture all the varied human intelligences, and all of the combinations of intelligences. We are all so different largely because we all have different combinations of intelligences. If we recognize this, I think we will have at least a better chance of dealing appreciatively with the many problems that we face in the world” (Gardner, 1987, first para.). Howard ...view middle of the document...

197, para. 1) and enumerated these intelligences into Visual/Spatial, Verbal/linguistic, Mathematical/ logical, Bodily/kinesthetic, Musical/rhythmic, Intrapersonal, Interpersonal, and Naturalist intelligences (Morrison, 2009); there is also a number nine, Existential Intelligence (Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences Theory, 2011). Here is a breakdown of the intelligences:

1) Visual/spatial is the understanding of graphic art. To read a map and putting a puzzle together

or how a captain of a ship navigates through the waters is the comprehension of visual intelligence. This can seen through the eyes of an artist or scientist (Thompson, 1999).

2) Verbal/linguistic refers to the intelligence that focuses on the understanding of words as in a

writer, a public speaker or a lawyer. William Shakespeare and Abraham Lincoln comprehended

this intelligence (Thompson, 1999).

3) Mathematical/logical refers to the understanding of numbers. Elbert Einstein and Bill Gates both possess this understanding (Thompson, 1999).

4) Bodily/ kinesthetic understands the use of the body. Gymnast and football players use this intelligence (Thompson, 1999).

5) Musical/rhythmic is understanding and having the ability to express music. Beethoven had this intelligence. (Thompson, 1999).

6) Intrapersonal is the ability to know yourself well (Thompson, 1999).

7) Interpersonal is the ability to read or understand an individual (Thompson, 1999).

8) Naturalist is having the ability to see patterns in nature. Charles Darwin had this intelligence (Thompson, 1999).

9) Existential Intelligence is the capability to inquire about life and death (Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences Theory, 2011).

In Gardner’s opinion, our schools concentrates on the linguistic and logical-mathematical intelligence, yet the schools should also look at the individuals who are gifted in the other intelligences: the skilled artist, skilled in music and the dancer that enhances the community they live in. Regrettably, those that posses these intelligences do not obtain any support from the school and these children are marked as having a learning disability, because of their different method of reasoning and learning are not based entirely on the linguistic or logical based class setting.
We all have a sprinkling of the nine intelligences, but each of us is unique in our own way, just like a snowflake; each one is different. Awareness to Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences Theory is essential to educators. The theory is important in understanding students and their learning needs. Knowledge of this theory benefits both the learner and instructor.
Knowledge of the Multiple Intelligences theory helps students in three ways. First, it helps students with their self-esteem and confidence. After knowing that their capabilities and talents fall into a category of intelligence, they will be encouraged. They will understand that regardless of what their...

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