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Fundamental Rights Essay

634 words - 3 pages

A brief note on Fundamental Rights given to a citizen in Constitution of India.

The Fundamental Rights embodied in the Indian constitution act as a guarantee that all Indian citizens can and will lead their lives in peace as long as they live in Indian democracy. These civil liberties take precedence over any other law of the land. They include individual rights common to most liberal democracies, such as equality before the law, freedom of speech and expression, freedom of association and peaceful assembly, freedom of religion, and the right to constitutional remedies for the protection of civil rights such as habeas corpus.
In addition, the Fundamental Rights for Indians are aimed at overturning the inequities of past social practices. They have also been used to in successfully abolishing the "untouchability"; prohibit discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth; and forbid trafficking in human beings and also the ...view middle of the document...

The following are the six fundamental rights as per the constitution of India:-
1. Right to Equality.
2. Right to Particular Freedom.
3. Cultural and Educational Rights.
4. Right to Freedom of Religion.
5. Right against Exploitation.
6. Right to Constitutional Remedies.
Rights to Equality
In the Indian Constitution this right has been described as given under:-
a) The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them
b) No citizen shall, on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them, be subjected to any disability, liability, restriction or condition with regard to access to shops, public restaurants, hotels and places of public entertainment; or the use of wells, tanks, bathing ghats, roads and places of public resort maintained wholly or partly out of State funds or dedicated to the use of the general public
c) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any special provision for women and children
d) Nothing in this article or in clause (2) of article 29 shall prevent the State from making any special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.
Equal Opportunity for All
There shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the State.
a) No citizen shall, on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, residence or any of them, be ineligible for, or discriminated against in respect of, any employment or office under the State.
b) Nothing in this article shall prevent Parliament from making any law prescribing, in regard to a class or classes of employment or appointment to an office under the Government of, or any local or other authority within, a State or Union territory, any requirement as to residence within that State or Union territory prior to such employment or appointment.

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