Functions of Management Paper
October 17, 2011
Functions of Management Paper
Management is the process of working with people and resources to accomplish organizational goals (Bateman & Snell, 2009). Four major functions of management exist to aid in making this process successful. The four functions of management are planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. Management needs to be efficient and effective to be successful. The four functions of management are needed in organizations just starting as much as well established organizations.
Planning is the first step in the four functions of management. Planning is specifying the goals to be achieved ...view middle of the document...
Organizing is the second step in the four functions of management. Organizing is assembling and coordinating the human, financial, physical, informational, and other resources needed to achieve goals (Bateman & Snell, 2009). Organizing within a company includes publicizing the company name, identifying job requirements, grouping jobs into work units, collecting and distributing resources, as well as establishing environments so that people and things work collectively to accomplish the greatest achievement. Managers need to help build organizations that are flexible and adaptive. This organizing is particularly important when it involves a response to customer needs and competitive threats.
Organizing is a large task that all the managers in my company are required to do. However, some managers are better at it than others. Managers have started organizing the company and departments better recently. As a company all of the administrative workers (anyone not on the production floor) have been placed in one large open concept area. All of our cubicles are half walls to make for easier discussion for work and reduce the waste of walking around the building to see if people are in their offices. This organizing has created the lean concept that is currently being followed throughout the company.
Organizing projects for waste reduction is a large focus in the company currently that has flowed down from management to the production floor. Currently all employees are asked to try and find one problem throughout the company (it can be a safety issue, wasted time or resources, etc.) a month and find a solution to that problem and implement it. The term that is used currently from management is continuous improvement, which management equates to success of the company and its employees because you always striving for better and giving the potential to drive out competition.
Leading is the third step in the four functions of management. Leading is stimulating people to be high performers (Bateman & Snell, 2009). Leading involves communicating and motivating employees, continuous contact with employees throughout the day, helping to guide and inspire them toward achieving team and organizational goals (Bateman & Snell, 2009). Leading takes place in all areas of an organization including teams, departments, divisions, and at the top of the organization with executives. Good leadership is shown through good team work, and good interpersonal and organizational communication.
Leading in my organization is not as strict as it may be in larger organizations. My company is a small engineering company that consists of around 250 employees. Although leading is present in the organization...