Children’s Functional Health Pattern Assessment
Functional Health Pattern Assessment (FHP) | Toddler Erickson’s Developmental Stage: Autonomy vs. Shame/Doubt | Preschool-Aged Erickson’s Developmental Stage: Initiative vs. Guilt | School-Aged Erickson’s Developmental Stage: Industry vs. Inferiority |
Pattern of Health Perception and Health Management: List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group. List two potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group. | Toddlers have little to no understanding of heath and it is the caregiver’s responsibility for health management. Toddlers ...view middle of the document...
| They have a good sense of a well balanced diet and understand the difference between healthy and unhealthy foods. |
| Decay on the teeth from use of a bottle at bedtime still and malnourishment due to lack of diet knowledge of parents. | They may be over or underweight due to intake of junk food. Not eating nutritious foods due to parental choices or financial situations. | They may be overweight or suffer from anorexia. Due to busy life styles at this age, children may skip meals or eat away from home frequently. |
Pattern of Elimination: List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group. List two potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group. | Toilet training has begun and wet diapers are less frequent and showing interest in using the toilet. | Toilet training should be complete and they are independent when going potty. Preschoolers are aware of basic hygiene after toileting, but may need a reminder to wash hands or flush the toilet. | The school aged child has a more regular bowel and bladder schedule, more like an adult. They are capable of undressing and dressing themselves, wiping, flushing and washing hands. It is normal at this age to be private while using the bathroom. |
| Diaper rash from parents not being cautious and constipation or abdominal distention due to child holding their stool. | Some of these children may not be toilet trained and may be emotional for both parent and child. They may forget to wash their hands after using the bathroom which may spread bacteria. | Bed wetting may still be an issue and constipation is common in this age group. |
Pattern of Activity and Exercise: List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group. List two potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group. | Running, pushing and pulling, playing ball, busy getting into everything around the house. | Playtime is the primary activity for this age group and they show signs of increased coordination. Playing with other children independently and having an imaginary friend is common. | The school age child engages in many activities which develop greater strength and balance and also play sports. They are naturally active in play time and create their own activities. |
| No energy or lack of motivation to explore. May be due to overexposure to TV or other electronics. | They may only play by themselves or with a parent which may cause social issues. Too much TV and electronics leads to inactivity and obesity. | Too much TV or video games lead to inactivity and may lead to a lack of exercise or interest in physical activity. Or on the flip side too much activity possibly from parental pressure. |
Cognitive/Perceptual Pattern: List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age...