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French Writers Essay

1280 words - 6 pages

Hippolyte Jean GiraudouxN 1 est un écrivain1 et un diplomate français, né le29 octobre 1882 à Bellac en Haute-Vienne et mort le 31 janvier 1944 à Paris.
Brillant étudiant et soldat décoré pendant la Première Guerre mondiale, il occupe des fonctions diplomatiques et administratives tout en écrivant des romans(Suzanne et le Pacifique en 1921, Siegfried et le Limousin en 1922) avant de se diriger vers le théâtre après sa rencontre avec le comédien Louis Jouvet qui mettra en scène et interprétera ses œuvres principales.
Il est aujourd'hui surtout connu pour son théâtre qui compte des pièces célèbres comme Amphitryon 38 (1929), La guerre de Troie n'aura pas lieu (1935), Électre(1937) ...view middle of the document...

Ce dernier n'aura de cesse de discuter avec tous les autres, surtout ceux du camp ennemi pour les faire changer d'avis. 
Mais il va échouer.
La pièce accorde aussi une part importante à l'amour et aux relations entre les hommes et les femmes. Le prétexte de la guerre c'est l'enlèvement d'Hélène. Les protagonistes reviennent souvent sur la notion de beauté. Là encore, deux camps s'opposent: ceux qui soutiennent la belle grecque et les autres qui se moquent de sa beauté. 

Hector, de retour de guerre, cherche à préserver à tout prix son peuple et son enfant à naître d’un conflit que l’enlèvement d’Hélène rend inévitable.
Le dramaturge avait d’abord confié ce rôle au chœur, témoin impuissant du drame, qui jouait bien souvent le rôle de pleureur et accentuait par sa seule présence le pathétique de la scène. En confiant cette tâche à Hector, Giraudoux dénonce l’hypocrisie sentencieuse du genre codifié de l’oraison funèbre pour privilégier le contact intime d’un général avec ses soldats. Ce discours est constitué de deux parties principales interrompues par des dialogues. Plus qu’une parodie de l’éloge aux défunts, il s’articule autour d’une dénonciation efficace de la guerre.
Fidèle à la rhétorique classique, le discours aux morts d’Hector respecte le genre codifié de l’oraison funèbre et se découpe en quatre parties : l’exorde, la narration, la confirmation et la péroraison. Giraudoux, avec la fantaisie qui le caractérise, prend cependant de nombreuses libertés en interrompant ce discours officiel, de manière à lui donner une coloration parodique. Hector, chef militaire, est le mieux placé pour ce discours. L’éloge prend un ton plus familier et plus intime tout en proposant une virulente dénonciation de la guerre.

Biographie de François Mauriac (1885-1970)
François Mauriac est né en octobre 1885 à Bordeaux. Son père meurt lorsqu’il est encore très jeune. Il est issu de la haute bourgeoisie catholique dont il fait la description dans ses œuvres. Il étudie les lettres à Bordeaux et vient à Paris pour entrer à l’École des Chartes.
Il publie un recueil de poèmes, Les Mains jointes, en 1909. Celui-ci est salué par Maurice Barrès . Mais c’est avec Le Baiser au lépreux, en 1922, et Thérèse Desqueyroux, en 1927, que François Mauriac acquiert une certaine notoriété.
D’une manière générale, l’œuvre romanesque de Mauriac présente des personnages tourmentés, hantés par le péché : c’est le cas, par exemple, du personnage de Thérèse (dans Thérèse Desqueyroux) qui tantôt incarne le crime (elle tente d’empoisonner son mari) tantôt incarne  l’innocence.
En 1933, Mauriac est élu à l’Académie française.
Pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, il s’engage en faveur de la Résistance et devient un fidèle partisan du général de Gaulle.
En 1952, il reçoit le prix Nobel de littérature .
Il est journaliste à L’Express et au Figaro littéraire à partir de 1961.
Il meurt en...

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