Freedom And Responsibility Essay

2141 words - 9 pages

Built within the Constitution of the United States are specifically defined freedoms that are guaranteed to all citizens. Conversely, with every constitutional freedom there comes a corresponding responsibility.
On September 25, 1789, the state legislature’s twelve proposed amendments were transmitted by congress, the first two dealing with congressional representation and congressional pay. The following numbers three through twelve were adopted by the states to become the Bill of Rights in 1791. As defined by our U.S. Constitution, the first amendment states “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercises thereof; or abridging the ...view middle of the document...

Peter Bibring, a staff attorney for the ACLU of Southern California said “The FBI should be spending its time and resources investigating actual threats, not spying on every American who happens to worship at a mosque”. “A lot of people now see the mosque as a place where the government can just come in and spy on you” said Ali Malik, a plaintiff in the lawsuit were Monteilh learned about Islam at the Irvine mosque. (Markon, 2011)
The second precept of the amendment states: “Congress shall make no law abridging the freedom of speech” (Jordan, 1999). The Free Speech Movement (FSM) of the University of California, Berkeley protest broke loose during the fall semester of 1964, becoming was the first of the 1960’s campus student movement to make headlines all over the world. It ended with approximately 773 people arrested for occupying the Administration building. In September 1964, Dean of students, Katherine Towle, wrote a letter to the student political groups forcefully notifying them that they could not use the plaza because “off campus political and social action.” The very next day, tables were placed in front of the Administration building. On October 1, Jack Weinberg, who was running the CORE (Congress on Racial Equality) table, was arrested by campus police after he refused to state his name and hand over his student card. As they brought a car to the plaza to take the limp Jack Weinberg, the students spontaneously surrounded the cop car and deflated the tires to keep the car from leaving campus. For 32 hours, the car was held hostage. (Freeman, 2004) The school president, Clark Kerr, suspended eight students in the CORE group, one in which was Mario Savio (Unforgettable Change). In 1964, Mario Savio, a man of brilliance, was the spokesman for the Free Speech Movement at the University of California. The thousand fellow Berkeley students were inspired by Mario’s democratic style of leadership and speeches, to protest the university’s regulations. (Who Was Mario) December 3, 1997, the steps of Sprout Hall, where his speech was given, were renamed the Mario Savio Steps (Dupuy, 2011).
The third precept expresses, “Congress shall make no law abridging of the press” (Jordan, 1999). In other words, the press has a right to publish articles even if it goes against the government. According to the article entitled “Obama Signs Law Supporting Global Press Freedom,” published by Dan Robinson “The law directs the State Department to include in its annual global human right report, information detailing the state of press freedom and the extent to which governments are supporting or tolerating or are actually involved in violations”. Signing the law in an Oval Office ceremony, President Obama said it sends a solid signal about American rights regarding freedom of the press. “The Daniel Pearl Freedom of the Press Act requires the State Department to include in its assessment such things as direct physical attacks, imprisonment, indirect sources of...

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