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Free Will Libertian View Essay

2681 words - 11 pages

R. ChappellCapitalismPhil/Rel 486018 March 2014CAPITALISM THE CAUSE OF VICESetting people free to pursue their own self-interest produces a far more productive society than what you would get if you try to impose political or religious rules. Free people allowed to make free choices in free markets will satisfy their needs (and society's) far better than any government can. Allowing people and countries to specialize and to trade freely would produce enormous wealth, because freeing people and nations to do what they do best will produce vastly more wealth than if everyone strives for self-sufficiency.People have certain natural rights and that deprivation of these rights is immoral. Among ...view middle of the document...

This includes physical communities and economic enterprises. With the arrival of the industrial revolution the economic system of capitalism is incompatible with human liberty. "The only demand that property recognizes," writes Emma Goldman writes in Anarchism and Other Essays, "is its own gluttonous appetite for greater wealth, because wealth means power; the power to subdue, to crush, to exploit, the power to enslave, to outrage, to degrade. She also argues that capitalism dehumanized workers, "turning the producer into a mere particle of a machine, with less will and decision than his master of steel and iron.The rise of capitalism came about because of the extraordinary benefits it allowed them, Economic growth came mainly from the division of labor, which allowed for efficiency and productivity. With greater production individuals, companies, and even entire nations could enjoy wealth, which Smith defined wealth as the capability to enjoy the necessities, conveniences, and amusements of life.The economic market, according to Adam Smith, is a self-correcting mechanism which did not need to be regulated by government. The "invisible hand" was sufficient to guide economics, and humans were capable of properly following its lead. In a capitalist system, business owners freely managed their own companies and workers freely choose their pursuits. By nature, humans work better when they are striving for personal profits than when they are aiming for the public good.The division of labor that Adam Smith talked about while maximizing efficiency and profits has created a deskilling of workers. This deskilling makes the worker less employable outside the current company or organization that they work creating a sort of wage slavery in the sense that your lively hood now depended on wages. The division of labor took away the power from the individual and gave it to the company that they were working for. When I say wage slavery I don't mean the little kids in China making 30 cents an hour I mean the type that creates a sort of social stratification. This is turn makes it harder for the common man to reach the economic freedom that Smith says happens in the Wealth of Nations.The cause of this is the invention of private property. With the invention of private property some individuals are now able to accumulate wealth, the accumulation of wealth creates a need for protection of it. Private property exists only "through the protection of the State. Realizing its need for protection, the capitalist understands that it really doesn't make any difference to the 'people' who protects them and their principles, whether an absolute King or a constitutional one, or a republic, only thing that does matter is that they are protected.In order to survive, man has to discover and produce everything he needs, which means that he has to alter his background and adapt it to his needs. Nature has not equipped him for adapting himself to his background in the manner of...

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