Believe in government action to achieve equal opportunity and equality for all. It is the duty of the government to alleviate social ills and to protect civil liberties and individual and human rights. Believe the role of the government should be to guarantee that no one is in need. Liberal policies generally emphasize the need for the government to solve problems.
Liberal. There is injustice still. But look at how much we've accomplished in the last 50 years. We just have to keep working at it.
Both the liberal and the radical positions seek to make the infrastructure more effective in the equality of access to resources and rights. For Jeanne, the liberal sees many of the ...view middle of the document...
Conservative policies generally emphasize empowerment of the individual to solve problems.
Conservative. Things aren't perfect, but it's good, and the best we can do.
The conservative viewpoint is often referred to as "apologetic." Its purpose is to justify ethically and morally and practically the social system as it exists, and to protect that system from change that could destroy its equilibrium. Conservative arguments usually acknowledge that the system does not work perfectly, but take the position that it is functioning better than most such systems, has a long history of functioning better than most, and that this is the best that we can do. It also takes the position that society punishes real perpetrators of injustice so that the minor injustices which do occur are simply random and unavoidable results, with no perpetrators. The conservative position also weighs the cost of preventing what it considers minor injustice by altering the infrastructure too radically and quickly, against the fear that the system could not withstand such radical change.
The Conservative View
• Supports “tradition” and the “status quo.”
• Prefers the existing order of society.
• Opposes efforts to bring about rapid or fundamental change
• Existing economic and political inequalities are justified
• Belief in the “free market” and limited government intervention
• Size of the government should be minimized.
• Success can be achieved mainly through hard work
• There is a strong belief in “rugged individualism”
The radical. The system is not OK. It hurts people. The progress we have made is good, but that does not change that racism, classism, and sexism, and all other -isms, are not acceptable and remain unabated. The infrastructure must change.
The radical position, as Jeanne described it, assumes the full critical theory stance. It says: This society is racist, classist, and sexist. That is not acceptable. Yes, there are some improvements. But there are still far too many people without power, without control of their own existences, and the basic inequities in social acceptance and distribution of wealth have hardly been touched.
• The problem of crime stems from the very nature of capitalism.
– It is an inherently unequal and immoral system
• This view begins with the idea that capitalist societies are characterized by conflict – between classes (e.g., labor vs. management), races (black vs. white) and gender.
• Inequality is created and perpetuated by the capitalist system, largely because profits do not “trickle down” very far.
• Same thing happened during the Roosevelt administration of the 1930s with the New Deal
• Marx was one of the earliest critics of capitalism
• A system that exploits workers for the benefit of the owners.
| Same-sex marriage | ABOTION | DEATH PENALTY |
LIBERALISM | -Marriage is the union of...