Frankenstein Biblical Allusions Essay
14 January 2016
To what extent does one’s collective intellect and diligence increase his/her capacity to achieve greatness? Is it feasible to believe that humanity—with adequate knowledge and wisdom— may be capable in imitating the abilities and power of God? These questions are flamboyantly revealed in the novel, Frankenstein, written by Mary Shelly, as a result of numerous biblical allusions focusing on the relationship between Victor Frankenstein and the monster. Through the biblical allusions in Frankenstein, Victor and the monster are utilized to emphasize the terror of uncertain human boundaries and also ...view middle of the document...
Frankenstein’s success in the ambition of creating life results in a “daemon” that murders most of his family. Clearly, Mary Shelly intends to highlight the dangers of pursuing vast ambitions, and by doing so, she emphasizes the overwhelming terror of uncertain human capabilities.
By describing the monster as a “daemon”, Shelly redirects the focus of the story on the duality of Victor and the monster. More explicitly, the monster is defined as the devil, which is placed in contrast with the allusion of him as Adam in chapter fifteen. This reveals two main biblical allusions (the monster is Adam and Lucifer), and through these two biblical allusions, the monster is portrayed as both good and evil. Due to the influence of Paradise Lost, the monster had stated, “Like Adam, I was apparently not united by a link to any other being in existence” (Shelley 135). This phrase is in support of the good partition of the monster. As Adam, throughout the beginning of creation, was considered a perfect being fashioned from the image of God. But the monster also mentions, “When I view the bliss of my protectors, the bitter gall of envy rose within me”, portraying himself as Lucifer, who grew jealous of God’s omnipotent power (Shelley 135). The two biblical are related in that both Adam and Lucifer were created in a state of perfection and only grew more evil once God cast them away from his guidance. Thus,...