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Foundations Of Psychology Essay

830 words - 4 pages

Foundations of Psychology
Erica McLeod
PSY 300
September 25, 2012
Betsy Ferronato

Foundations of Psychology
When psychology first emerged as a science, the process of explaining the human mind and human behavior began. In this writing we will present a brief synopsis of what psychology is and introduce the reader to the primary biological foundations of psychology that are linked to behavior as well as introducing the reader to the major schools of thought in psychology. In Kowalski and Westen Sixth Edition of Psychology, psychology is defined as “the scientific investigation of mental processes such as; thinking, remembering, feeling, and behavior. Understanding a person requires ...view middle of the document...

Neuroscience is defined as a branch of the life sciences, such as neurophysiology that deals with the anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, or molecular biology of nerves and nervous tissue with a specialized focus on behavior and learning.
It is worth noting that when our brain and neurotransmitters link together they have a major impact or influence on our thoughts, feelings and behavior. This brings us to our first school of thought which is known as structuralism.
Structuralism, our first major school of thought was developed by Edward Titchener and the primary focus of structuralism is the breaking down of mental processes into one basic component. In that regard, introspection was a primary element Titchener used to reveal elements of consciousness and to analyze inner processes of the mind. Shortly after this school of thought made an entrance into the psychological world, other schools of thoughts were formulated and functionalism was one of those schools.
Functionalism looked at explanation of psychological processes in terms of their role or function in helping the individual adapt to the environment. Darwin was the scientist noted for formulating and bringing into existence the functionalism theory. Functionalism arose in the U.S. in the late 19th century as an alternative to structuralism. While functionalism never became a formal school, it built on structuralism's concern for the anatomy of the mind and led to greater concern over the functions of the mind, and later to behaviorism.
Functionalism served as an alternate to structuralism and during the early 19th century scientist and theorist would embrace one of...

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