This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Foundationalism And The Infinite Regress Essay

1524 words - 7 pages

Topic: In your considered (and informed) opinion, does foundationalism adequately address “the Problem of infinite regress” with respect to justification? Then follow this up by presenting your answer to this question in the form of a well composed argument for your reader in support of your conclusion.

Renee Descartes was born to Joachim Descartes and Jeanne Brochard on March 31st 1596 in La Haye, France he was first credited with being “the father of Modern Philosophy”. Throughout Descartes years of study he was plague by the decision to question how much of his knowledge were true and how much were false. He set out to establish a system of knowledge on a foundation of beliefs whose ...view middle of the document...

For something to be believable it must have a basic belief, if it’s a non-basic belief it must be satisfied by adding a basic belief, or if it is non-basic belief is must be supported by a non-basic belief that is supported by a basic belief. The distinction between basic and non-basic belief is referred to as non- inferential and inferential belief.
Descartes belief that in order for something to be considered basic belief in must possess little or no doubt meaning it should be indubitable; in addition to indubitable it must also be incorrigible, incorrigible means that it cannot be corrected, infallible is the final belief that makes up a basic belief, infallible means possesses nothing false. In other words a basic belief must be 100% true. Consider the following examples; Marie told me that she will pass her Accounting exam by no less than a 100%, knowing this exam is complex, I ask Marie what made her so sure that she will get all the questions correct on the exam, to justify her conclusion Marie told me that the teacher told her that in all her years of teaching she had never had met a student that got a 100% in her class, and that she Marie should be extremely proud. In this case Marie had justifiable reasons to believe that she got 100% in her exam, because her teacher concluded to her that she did get a 100%. Before speaking with her teacher Marie had only a non-basic belief in thinking that she would get a 100%, when the teacher confirmed that Marie did get a 100% this provided supportive information and changed the argument into a belief.
Foundationalism has been plaque with many skeptics, skeptics who assumed that not everything in life needs to be justified. Many people such as those who followed the scholastics believed that everyone is born with a blank slate, and that knowledge is developed later through intellectual stimulations. Descartes later dismissed this belief stating that our senses can be deceiving, and because they can be deceiving they are an unreliable source of knowledge. The truth of a prepositions based on stimulations proves to be very problematic since stimulations are based on senses and the senses can be doubtful when used in an argument.
This brings us to the point of the infinite regress and its relation to justification and foundationalism. The infinite regress is regarded as the case where we must justify the reasons; if something is supposed to be count as knowledge it must also be justified. If the reasons count as knowledge then they too must be justified. According to (Fumerton 920) there are three reasons to reject infinitism. Reason one “infinite minds cannot complete an infinity long chain of reasoning, so if all justifications were inferential we would have no justification for believing anything. Reason two “not only a chain would be two infinitely long, the infinite regress are mushrooming out in an infinite number of directions. If finite minds should worry about the possibility of...

Other Papers Like Foundationalism and the Infinite Regress

Phil 201 Week 6 Study Guid

3971 words - 16 pages ? What are the qualifications in saying that God is infinite? omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent. can't do something logically contradictory God can't act against His nature What 2 ways are meant when Christians claim God is a “necessary” being? logically necessary self existent What is the problem of divine foreknowledge and human freedom? page 41 middle of page What is the difference between “necessarily God knowing the future

Explain the Cosmological Argument with Reference to the Uncaused Cause, Unmoved Mover and the Necessary Being

772 words - 4 pages . Thomas Aquinas was a Christian in the 13th century who attempted to use logic and reason to create a support for the belief that God is the responsible being for everything in the universe. From this, he created the cosmological argument which is based on natural theology. In Aquinas’s view, infinite regress is not possible. However, the CA is based on the conclusion that everything in the universe exists because it was caused by something else- a

Descartes' Meditations

2176 words - 9 pages understand neither for what reason nor how God has produced them. For, in the first place, knowing that my nature is extremely feeble and limited, and that the nature of God is on the contrary immense, incomprehensible, and infinite, I have no further difficulty in recognising that there is an infinitude of matters in His power, the causes of which transcend my knowledge; and this reason suffices to convince me that the species of cause termed final

Dissecting Clarke's Cosmological Argument

815 words - 4 pages occasion and not another, it must have a cause. There could supposedly be an infinite regress of causes if there was evidence for such, but lacking such evidence, God must exist as the cause. Clarke does not specifically identify God at any point in his argument. He ends with “There must be on the contrary, of necessity have existed from eternity, some one immutable and independent Being” (37). Whatever one chooses to call this “Being

Ass N Titties

1326 words - 6 pages we view the conscious process leads to a so-called "infinite regression." That is to say, if we see consciousness as a set of rules guiding our experiences in life, there must also be another set of rules that defines how we know when to use those rules, and so on and so forth. (Kurak 2001, 18-19). In this paper, I will attempt to show how we can turn to Buddhist principles to help us gain a better understanding of human consciousness. As

Kristen's Cookie Company

684 words - 3 pages dozens that the process can produce in four hours is 22. 16 + 10x = 60 x = 4.4 λ = 4.4 dozen/hr W = flow time = 26 min = 26/60 hr L = λ W = 1.91 Case 2 Resources Activities where needed Time required per unit of work Number of each resource Capacity Kristen Wash and Mix Dish up to trays 6 min 4 min 1 6 orders/hr Bowl Wash and Mix 6 min 1 10 orders/hr Trays Dish up to trays 4 min Infinite Infinite orders/hr

Does God Exist?

1299 words - 6 pages appreciate your other family members a lot more. That is why God has let natural evil into the world.There are also a number of Philosophical arguments that have been put forward to prove the existence of God. Saint Thomas Aquinas came up with the cosmological argument. He said that everything in the world is the effect of a previous cause, and these causes are effects of earlier causes, and so on in an infinite regress. He believed that this

Us Skewness

1460 words - 6 pages X1 rstan and Y residuals (standardized) (“Partial Regression Plot” in SPSS) plot X2 rstan White’s test (p.379) Step 1: regress your model (STATA: reg Y X1 X2…) Step 2: obtain the residuals and the squared residuals ( STATA: ( STATA: ( STATA: predict resi predict yhat / / gen resi2 = resi^2 ) gen yhat2 = yhat^2 ) ) Step 3: generate the fitted values yhat and the squared fitted values yhat Step 4: run the auxiliary regression and get the

Society Has Entered a New Postmodern Age and We Need New Theories to Understand It. Assess This View

949 words - 4 pages , apparent realities are only social constructs, as they are subject to change inherent to time and place. This view is known as anti-foundationalism, and it has two consequences. The first of these is that the Enlightenment project of achieving progress through scientific knowledge is dead – we cannot guarantee our knowledge is correct; therefore we cannot use it to improve our society. The second consequence is that any theory such as Marxism that

Classical Metaphisics

1183 words - 5 pages Name Professor Course Date Philosophy Free will can be termed as the ability of agents to make choices with no constrains of different dynamic factors. This principle of free will has implications on religion, legal and ethical factors among others. Philosophers since time immemorial have debated extensively on the existence or the nonexistence of free will in of this philosophical figure is David Hume, he maintains that humans are

The Design Arguement Introductory Essay

1958 words - 8 pages polymorphism which he made the assumption that like a house, the natural world may not be designed by one designer (Abrahamic God) but could be designed by a team of designers, each for every element seen in nature. A further critic to the design argument that was endorsed by Hume, is that both Paley’s and Aquinas’s analogical arguments for design allow for infinite regress. This is the idea that if ‘God’ truly did make the universe and all of that which

Related Essays

In Your Considered (And Informed) Opinion, Does Foundationalism Adequately Address The Problem Of Infinite Regress With Respect To Justification?

2199 words - 9 pages informed) opinion, does foundationalism adequately address the problem of infinite regress with respect to justification? Begin by sketching out for your reader (by assuming they are not as familiar with this subject as you are) what foundationalism is and follow this up by presenting your answer to this question along with a detailed argument for your reader in support of your answer. Topic 7. Sketch out in detail in your own words, the

Harmless Arbitrariness Essay

1626 words - 7 pages in a reason that does not require any further reasons, and there is available to the subject an infinite series of reasons which favors believing the said belief. Since arbitrariness is irrational and irrational sources of justification are not acceptable, then any justification which comes from these sources are not acceptable. Problem and Thesis In Human Knowledge and the Infinite Regress of Reasons, Klein discusses a line of

Knowledge, Belief And Truth Essay

4433 words - 18 pages against the state of affairs, or ask an astronaut. However, aren’t these ways of checking reliant upon other foundational beliefs? What do they in turn rely upon? So, either the fundamental truth is somehow self-evident – whatever that means – or there is a further supporting truth. And so we are caught in what is called an ‘infinite regress’ – so called because the reasons which we base our beliefs upon regress infinitely (in other words, there is

Descartes Meditation On First Philosophy

1257 words - 6 pages How Descartes Use Methodological Skepticism to Articulate a Foundationalist Conception of Knowledge Descartes is the first modern philosopher who rejects Aristotelianism and starts foundationalism, which is of great controversy but extreme importance in modern philosophy. In Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes utilizes methodological skepticism to present the foundationalist conception of knowledge, in which a belief can only be