FOOD SECURITY IN BANGLADESH
(Md, Ibrahim kholilullah, AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS ,2ND BATCH ,SYLHET AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY ,01718996557)
The world summit of 1996 defined food security as existing ‘when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life’. Commonly the concept of food security is defined as including both physical and economic access to food that meets peoples dietary needs as well as their food preferences. In many countries ,health problem related to dietary excess are an ever increasing threat, infact ,malnutrition and food borne diarrhea are become double burden.
Food Security Status and Challenges:
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Demographic changes in upcoming years are likely to affect poverty and hunger in adverse ways.
A comprehensive programme to address hunger would include interventions in the following
1. Promoting food security by sustaining strong growth of domestic food production and
implementing a liberalized regime for food imports
2. Designing and implementing interventions to promote food security
3. Supporting safety nets for protection against natural disasters
4.Promoting change in food habits for increasing nutritional intake of vulnerable
5. Promoting improved infant feeding practices, including breast-feeding practices
6. Supporting maternal schooling and hygienic practices
7. Improving access to safe drinking water, especially by addressing the threat of arsenic
contamination of underground water
8. Improving access to sanitation
9. Improving access to basic health facilities
10. Promoting partnership among the Government, private sector and NGOs
Aspects and Issues of Food and Nutritional Security:
Food security is a multi-sectoral, multi-ministerial issue. There is a need to develop an integrated
policy and action plan, bringing together all the diverse players and stakeholders as well as
making them accountable to contributing their bit to the overall challenge of improving Food
Security. National Food Policy Capacity Strengthening Programme, the new FAO-FPMU project
is expected to provide a strategic lead on developing this approach.
Faced with the challenges of an increasing population22, natural subsidence (on account of the
ascent of the Himalayas) decreasing availability of agricultural land, increasing costly food
prices, the options before Bangladesh include:
1. Increasing productivity-an all out effort in this regard; learning from some recent experiments in rice production23. Cutting down the wastage- the yields loss in Bangladesh is colossal (30-40%)
2. Diversification of the food basket with an aim to attain minimum self-sufficiency in the noncereal food grains.
3. Strengthening analysis and monitoring of needs and Food Gap
4. Improve access through expansion of the PFDS/ safety net programmes without
compromising on the targeting and leakage. Successful interventions need to be replicated and
expanded. While sustainable improvements in the food security status of the poor are
welcome, as these would act as the safety ladder.
5. Improve utilisation through improving nutrition education and availability and access to safe
cereal and non-cereal foods. Huge improvements in food security can be achieved through
improving knowledge on food-based nutrition .
6. Promote fortification of foodstuff as it provides a proven and cost-effective strategy of dealing
with micronutrient deficiencies.
FOOD SECURITY IN BANGLADESH: FOOD AVAILABILITY
1.1 Food availability is one of the three...