Making sure nutritional needs become a part of any lifestyle requires understanding exactly what the body needs to obtain and maintain optimal health. The recording food intake for three days provides many areas of nutrition that I am more aware of that before; this includes protein, carbohydrate, lipid, and fiber intake needs. Meeting the nutritional needs of the human body helps to ensure a healthy lifestyle that is free of disease and illness.
Intake of Protein, Carbohydrates, and Lipids
The 3-days-diet from the iProfile data shows the majority of protein intake from meats, such as chicken and tuna. The data shows that protein is a nutrient in nearly every food source but is lower ...view middle of the document...
Adding more servings of whole wheat grains, such as brown rice will assist in raising both the fiber and carbohydrate intake as well.
The right combinations of food help to guarantee that the food an individual consumes is complete in its nutritional content of proteins, such as combining vegetables and grains that separately have incomplete proteins but together provide complete proteins (Grosvenor & Smolin, 2012). Out of the 20 amino acids the human body needs, only 11 of those are produced in the liver. The remaining amino acids must come from protein sources. If the consumption of grain and vegetables continues to occur together complete protein will continue to be part of a healthy diet.
Macronutrient Intake Ranges
To maintain optimal health through a balanced diet it is important to keep the intake of macronutrients within the recommended ranges. The effects of eating too many macronutrients or not enough can cause under-nourishment or over-nourishment. “Over-nutrition occurs when long term human energy intake exceeds energy expended on basal metabolism, digestion, work and leisure” (Huffman, Huffman, Rickertsen, & Tegene, 2010, p. 5). Over-nutrition of any nutrient in some instances can create toxicity in the human body that may result in future morbidity. The macronutrient intake during the 3-day-diet ranges both inside and outside of the recommended ranges. The consumption of lipids and proteins are within the recommended macronutrient range; however, the consumption of carbohydrates is below the recommended range.
Fiber Intake Ranges
The dietary fiber intake record in the iProfile data shows personal intake of dietary fiber at 73 percent of the recommended intake. This places the level of complete nutrition for fiber seven grams below what the body needs. The 3-day-diet falls short of adequate servings of fruit which help to increase the level of fiber intake if servings of apples or fiber rich fruits are higher. The strongest contributors of dietary fiber are from grains and vegetables whereas the weakest are from meat and dairy products. The correct amount of fiber is important in the diet. “Evidence suggests that fiber plays a critical role in reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease, obesity, and prediabetes and type 2 diabetes and is essential for optimal digestive health” (Clemens, Kranz, Mobley, Nicklas, Raimondi, Rodriguez, & Warshaw, 2012, p. 1390S).
Dietary modifications are necessary if current food consumption does not meet nutritional needs. Trends in this diet revolve around the availability of specific foods that need consumption before their dates of quality expire. Food is generally prepared with the date of expiration in mind so that food does not go to...