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Folkedrab Noter Essay

1126 words - 5 pages

Folkedrab:

Definition på folkedrab:
Hvad er et folkedrab ifølge konventionen af 1948?
* At dræbe eller skade medlemmer af en speciel gruppe.
* Henholdsvis en national, etnologisk, racemæssig eller religiøs gruppe.
* At gennemføre forholdsregler, der tilsigter at hindre fødsler indenfor gruppen.
* Tage børn væk fra gruppen med magt.
* Med hensigt at ødelægge gruppen helt eller delvist.
* Hvilke vanskeligheder er der i forbindelsen med definitionen?
* Nogle grupper er udeladt, og mener at de bliver overset.
* Politiske grupper kom ikke med.
* Kulturelt folkedrab kom heller ikke med. Fx at ødelægge en gruppes sprog

Hvilke folkedrab har vi ...view middle of the document...

Konklusion: Serberne ville have mere magt i Jugoslavien. Ville de resterende lande ikke være med til. Derfor startede den etniske udryddelse.
* Cambodja
* Saloth Sar meldte sig ind i kommunist parti, som havde inspiration fra Kina. Da han kom til magten i 1975 sagde han, at han ville udrense Cambodja for samfundsfjender og ville skabe et klassefrit samfund, hvor fattige bønder skulle danne basis For Cambodja
* Religion blev forbudt, penge afskaffet, hospitaler nedlagt, familier splittet, Børn og unge blev udsat for propaganda. Der døde omkring 1.7 millioner mennesker som følge af sult, tortur, dårlige levevilkår og henrettelser i et forsøg på, at opretholde disse samfundsvilkår
* Rwanda
* Præsident Habyarimanas fly skudt ned af to missiler i 1994, hvilket startede folkedrabet på tutsierne.
* Der blev startet rygter om, at tutsierne ville tage deres jord tilbage, som de havde mistet til hutuerne, og det gjorde derfor, at hutuerne begyndte at frygte tutsierne mere og hadet derfor også blev større.
* I de første 36 timer efter præsidentens flystyrt, blev de fleste kendte oppositions-politikere, journalister og borgerrettigheds-forkæmpere slået ihjel. Selv om folkedrabet startede i Kigali, spredte det sig hurtigt til det øvrige Rwanda. Ved vejspærringer, i kirker og på flugt blev over 800.000 mennesker i løbet af de næste 100 dage dræbt. Folk blev stoppet på gaden, og hvis deres identitetskort afslørede dem som tutsier, blev de dræbt.
* Hutuer dræbte ¾ af tutsierne i Rwanda. Inden europærerne ankom til landet antog man, at disse folkegrupper levede i fred.
* Folkedrabet i Rwanda udsprang i en kamp om den politiske magt. Der var to klaner mod hinanden, hutuerne og tutsierne. Det var hutuerne der var regerende og de gav medierne et dårligt billede af tutsierne, for at få hutuerne til at stå sammen imod tutsierne.
* Armenien
* Under 1. Verdenskrig blev armenierne yderligere beskyldt for at samarbejde med ærkefjenden Rusland, for at sikre nederlag til Osmannerriget og derved opnå selvstændighed. De tyrkiske nationalister ønskede at skabe sammenhold og ville sikre det smuldrende rige (hvor mange af de andre minoriteter samtidig løsrev sig fra riget og blev selvstændige) ved at udrydde ”de indre fjender”, som de mente armenierne var. Resultatet af dette blev det armenske folkedrab i 1915.
* I alt blev op til 1,5 millioner armenere slået ihjel.
* Tyrkernes regering, militær og forskere benægter folkedrabene. De begrunder de mange dødsfald ved at kalde det et hændeligt uheld efter sult og folkevandring. De forklarer også at der ikke er tale om folkedrab, men borgerkrig, fordi det armenske folk var voldeligt og krigeriske pga. de ønsker at blive en selvstændig stat.
* I DK (sigøjnere)
* Danmark ønskede...

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