Flu Virus Essay

1950 words - 8 pages

Discussion of Communicable Disease: Seasonal Influenza
Marcie E. Boone, RN
Grand Canyon University- NRS- 427V
September 2, 2014

Discussion of Communicable Disease: Seasonal Influenza
Each year the general public is urged to take action to avoid getting the Seasonal Flu virus by, encourage the pubic to obtain the vaccine before January. It is also; widely made known to the general public the impact of the Flu virus and that it can lead death for some each. However, each year many choose to ignore the advice that is given. But, why is it so vital that we get our Flu vaccine. In this paper we will discuss that very question. We will discuss why the Seasonal Flu is considered a ...view middle of the document...

Type A is broken down into subtypes Hemagglutinin (H) with 18 different subtypes and neuraminidase (N) has 11 different subtypes. (CDC, 2014)
Signs and Symptoms
Commonly, those infected with the flu virus are known to have “fever, chills, cough, sore throat, runny/stuffy nose, achy muscles, headaches, fatigue,” some children may experience vomiting and diarrhea. (NIH) According to WHO the Flu is usually categorized by unexpected high fever. Most symptoms resolve in 7 days, however, the client can continue to experience a cough for up to 14 days. (WHO, 2014)
Mode of Transmission
The Flu is commonly spread by means of droplets from coughing and sneezing. Or by direct contact exposure by hand shaking or touching those that are infected. However, in special circumstances, the Flu can be transmitted via the airborne route by aerosol generating procedures.
Complications
Most health individuals usually recover from the Flu in 7-14 days without any complications. However, the elderly, very young, pregnant women and those afflicted with chronic illness, especial respiratory disease can suffer from complications that are deadly or life threating. Some common complications can include dehydration, pneumonia, ear or sinus infections and worsening of chronic illness that can lead to death.
Treatment
The best treatment is prevention, by obtaining your yearly Flu vaccine, staying away from those that are ill, washing hands frequently and using hand sanitizers frequently throughout the day. In addition, if you believe you are sick, you should stay at home in order to prevent spreading the virus to others, especially those that are vulnerable to the illness.
Once you have obtained the illness there antiviral drugs that can be used to treat the Flu virus. However, the client needs to begin treatment usually within 48 hours of onset of the illness. There are two classes of medications that are used, Adamantanes (Amantadine and rimantadine, also the classes of influenza neuraminidase inhibitors, Oseltamivir, Zanamivir, Peramivir and Laninamivir). When taking these medications it is important to keep in mind that the viruses can develop a resistance to the medication that weakens the effectiveness. (WHO, 2014).
Demographic of Seasonal Influence
Morbidity and Mortality
“Statistics on mortality (death rates) and morbidity (illness rates) are collected routinely and used to describe the frequency of death or disease for a given time, place, and group of persons. (Maurer, 2013)
According to WHO the Flu is “one of the most prevalent vaccine-preventable diseases.” It is estimated that there are 3 million cases of the Flu and 250,000 to 500,000 die throughout the world from it. (WHO, 2012) Authorities such as the World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control however, are not able to give an exact number of those that are ill from the virus or the number that die worldwide or even locally from the virus. Many that are afflicted with...

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