* Some Christians baptise their children at a young age
* The child is usually taught to pray and they go to church.
* Families usually celebrate Christmas and Easter (and the meaning of those festivals and stories around them)
* Some Christian parents arrange for their children to attend a ‘Sunday School’ where there is encouragement to be a good Christian and lead a Christian life.
How would this support a person’s belief in God?
* Being born into a Christian family might support someone’s belief in God because they are surrounded by others who are convinced of the existence of God.
* If the religion has been handed down through generations it ...view middle of the document...
The fact that finding something so tiny with lots of mechanisms inside it had been made by someone very clever (a designer) and it could NOT have been made by accident. Paley said that the same argument could be said about the universe which is even more complicated than a watch! The universe must have been designed by an extremely clever being, not by accident. The only possible designer of the universe must be God – therefore God exists. E.g.s of design = DNA, evolution…
Things do not happen by themselves; for example, if we drop an egg it may smash (the cause would be us dropping it – the effect would be the smashing of the egg) the causation argument says that the existence of the universe proves that God exists. If the universe has a beginning then something must have caused it, it did not happen by accident so something caused it and brought it into existence – this is God, and so this proves that God exists.
Scientific Explanations of the world
Science can explain how the universe began without the need for God e.g. the Big Bang says how the universe began and Evolution explains where animals and humans came from. Christians respond in 3 ways;
1. Science is true but God controlled the process e.g. not strictly due to chance.
2. Science and the Bible are correct. Main points fit e.g. 7 days of creation could be 7 periods of time.
3. Science is wrong! God made world look older Apparent Age Theory
God not answering ‘good’ prayers e.g. end poverty, cure cancer…
Problem of Evil
Moral evil- actions done by humans which cause suffering
Natural evil- things which cause suffering but have nothing to do with humans, e.g. earthquakes
Christians believe God is all-powerful, all-loving and all-knowing so evil should not exist. Because evil does exist it leads to a number of possibilities 1) God is simply not powerful enough to stop evil; 2) God does not know that it is happening; 3) God simply does not love us enough to want to stop the evil. Christians tell us that he can do all of these things SO God does not exist otherwise he would stop evil!
How Christians Respond to Evil and Suffering
Christians have different viewpoints about the causes of evil and suffering:
* God created people with free will and because people are not programmed like computers, they can choose whether to do good or evil. When they choose evil, suffering happens.
* To some Christian’s life is a test. The way people react to suffering and evil determines whether they go to heaven or hell in the afterlife. E.g. Job
* Others say that ‘God works in mysterious ways’ and He has reasons for letting evil and suffering happen, but humans will never be able to understand the mind of God.
How do Christians respond to evil and suffering?
In responding to the problems of evil and suffering, Christians follow the teachings and actions of Jesus, who taught his followers to:
* PRAYER: (asking God...